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Bokaro

Bokaro Steel cityThis is a well known district headquarters and the great steel industry city which now evokes a rigid economic support to the state. This district was derived out from Dhanbad and Giridih districts in the year 1991. The District Bokaro was created by carving out one subdivision consisting of two blocks from Dhanbad District and six blocks from Giridih District. The District Headquarter B S City is having latitude of 23.29 and longitude of 86.09. There are eight blocks in the Bokaro District, namely Chandankiyari, Bermo, Gomia, Jaridih, Chas, Kasmar, Petarwar and Nawadih.

The District Bokaro has a Geographical area of 2861 sq Km and 357663.36 Hectares of Land. The Average altitude of the Land is 210 mts from mean sea level. Situated in the Chhotanagpur Plateau, the vast rolling topography of the city is typical, strewn by graded valleys and winding streams. Bokaro district is encircled with mountains and valleys and green dense forest everywhere with amazing scenic view in nature and the living things in it adds up a great pleasure in this planet earth. In this setting, within a short period of two decades, a new city with a strong multi-dimensional economic base, has blossomed into a regional urban centre of around 8.0 lakh people drawn from different parts of the country, giving the city the character of Mini India. Bokaro City was built to provide housing and other community facilities for the Bokaro Steel City employees. The nearest small town to the steel city is CHAS. 

The major rivers that flows through this regions are Damodar, Mayurakshi, Barakar, koyal, Sankh, sone, Auranga, More, Karo, Bansloi, South Koel, Kharkai, Swarna Rekha, Ganga, Gumani and Batane. Such natural resources of water irrigation would surely enhance nature living in this region.



Culture of Bokaro District
Culture of Bokaro District reflects the rich and indigenous traditions and beliefs of the people. Sarhul, Karma, Sohrai, Badna, Tusu, Id, Christmas, Holi, Dussehra etc. are celebrated in the district. The different languages used by the people of this district are Santhali language, Mundari, Kurukh language, Khortha, Hindi language, Urdu language and Bengali language. The festivals are celebrated with immense enthusiasm and positive energy. Songs and dance forms are an integral part of the celebration of these festivals. The popular musical instruments used here are Bansuri, Arbansi, Sahnai, Madanvari, Singa, Sankh Mandar, Dhol, Dhak, Dhamsa, Nagara, Damama, Karha, Tasa, Jurinagra, Visamdhanki, Thapchanchu, Kartal, Jhanjh, Thala, Manjhira and Ghanta. The popular folk music of the district includes Akhariya, Domkach, Dohari, Domkach, Janani, Jhumar, Mardana, Jhumar, Faguwa, Udasi, Pawas, Jhumta and Pratkali.

Bokaro Steel City is the district headquarters of the Bokaro district as well as Bokaro divisional range (Bokaro, Dhanbad and Giridih). It is 47 km from Dhanhad along the Dhanbad-Ranchi Highway, where Dhanbad lies on the Delhi-Howrah line. Bokaro Steel City is also the home of the largest steel plant in India, the bokaro steel plant, and several other medium and small industries.

Bokaro Steel PlantOn the north, the city is flanked by the high ranges of the Parasnath Hills and on the south just beyond the river Garga, it is enveloped by the Satanpur hillocks. Two artificial cooling ponds have been built for use in steel making. A dam on river Garga has been built to supply water to the township as well as the steel plant, but due to ever increasing demand Tenughat dam is supplementing it.

Bokaro Steel Plant is controlled by the Steel Authority of India Limited and several other medium and small industries. Bokaro Steel Plant is the fourth integrated steel plant in the Public Sector. Bokaro Steel Limited is located on the site where formerly a village by the name of Maraphari existed. The steel plant was originally incorporated as a limited company on 29th January 1964, and was later merged with SAIL, first as a susidiary and then as a unit, through the Public Sector Iron & Steel Companies. Bokaro steel plant is hailed as the country’s first Swadeshi steel plant, built with maximum indigenous content in terms of equipment, material and know-how. The steel plant is designed to produce flat products like Hot Rolled Coils, Hot Rolled Plates, Hot Rolled Sheets, Cold Rolled Coils, Cold Rolled Sheets, Tin Mill Black Plates and Galvanised Plain and Corrugated Sheets. Bokaro steel plant has provided a strong raw material base for a variety of modern engineering industries including automobile, pipe and tube, LPG cylinder, barrel and drum producing industries.

River Damodar and its tributaries has made a maze of valleys and sub-valleys in Bokaro district. They form an important source of water for the industries and townships which have sprung up on its banks in the last few decades. Some hills and hillocks rise above the gentle valley making it a panoramic landscape to view.

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Climate & Rainfall
The district falling in tropic monsoon region has broadly three pronounced season :-

  1. Cool season: Oct to Feb.
  2. Hot season: Mar to May.
  3. Rainy season: Jun to Sept.

Bokaro at a Glance -

Latitude

23.29 N

Longitude

86.09 E

Height from sea level

210 mts

Area (in sq. km.)

2,861 km2

Temperature (in degree centigrade)

Min-2°C winter/max 45°c Summer

Rainfall (in mm)

Min-157 cms/max-195cms

Climate

 

Literacy rate

73.48 %

Main Tribes

 

Main minerals

 

Main crop

 

Languages spoken

Santhali  Mundari Kuruk Khortha Nagpuriya Sadri Khariya Hindi Urdu Bangla

Important Rivers

Damodar, Mayurakshi, Barakar, koyal, Sankh, sone, Auranga, More, Karo, Bansloi, South Koel, Kharkai, Swarna Rekha, Ganga, Gumani and Batane

Nearest Railway Station

 

Nearest Airport

Commercial Air Base Ranchi(130 km)
Private Air Base Bokaro Steel City

National Highway passing through District

 

Population density

716

Number of blocks

9

Number of villages

744

Population (Total)

2,061,918

Population (male)

1,076,270

Population (female)

985,648

Sex ratio

916

Administrative division

North Chotanagpur division

Headquarters

Bokaro Steel City

Year of formation

1991

Forest Area

24%

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Tourism in Bokaro

This is a huge industrial location in India which consist a biggest steel complex here, this spot is situated along the Damodar River of the state. The project of such a big industry was on inception in the year 1959 and came to construction in the year 1965, the region is surrounded by coalfields and other raw materials of nature resources are the advantage of this spot. The colony is called as the Bokaro city which provides an exclusive housing and other community facilities to the workers of the plant.
Best Season: September to February.

Prime Sites:

Bokaro Steel City:

As the fourth integrated steel plant in the Public Sector, Bokaro Steel City was conceived in 1959. Bokaro Steel Plant actually started taking shape in 1965 with the collaboration of the then United Sovereign Of Soviet Republic. Major coalfields are located nearby. Bokaro City was built to provide housing and other community facilities for the plant's employees.

Garga Dam And Parasnath Hills:
Bokaro City is located in picturesque surroundings on the southern bank of river Damodar with Garga, one of its tributaries meandering along the southern and eastern outskirts of the city. On the north, the city is flanked by the high ranges of the Parasnath Hills and on the south just beyond the river Garga, it is enveloped by the Satanpur hillocks.

Bokaro Ispat Pustakalaya:
Bokaro Ispat Pustakalaya is located near Bokaro Niwas, it has a collection of over 40,000 books that meets the reading requirements of the people in the township.

City Park:
Bokaro has a well-maintained City Park with an artificial lake. Recently three artificial islands have also been created. This park has a variety of animals and birds and a modern aquarium is another attraction located in sector.

Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park:Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park

A Biological Park named after Jawaharlal Nehru with a variety of animals and birds and a modern aquarium is another attraction located in sector 5.

Babudih: A village in Chas Block famous for 75 feet high tower.

Chandrapura: A town famous for Chandrapura Thermal Power Station.

TenuGhat: Headquarter Of Bermo SubDivision Famous for Tenughat Dam And Tenughat Thermal Power Station.


How to get there
Air: There is no direct air connection but SAIL is having a private air belt at Bokaro.
Rail: Bokaro is near Dhanbad, which is on the main Delhi-Howrah railway line.
Road: Well connected with all the major cities by good motor able roads.

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