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Deogarh

Deoghar is an ancient town situated in the Santhal Parganas of Jharkhand. Deoghar is also the headquarters city of Deoghar district in the state of Jharkhand. Deoghar or ‘Abode of Gods’ is also known as Vaidyanath Dham. Deoghar is a Hindi word and the literal meaning of 'Deoghar' is abode ('ghar') of the Gods and Goddesses ('dev'). The famous Muslim invader Bhaktiyar Khilji made Deoghar his capital in 1201 after the take-over of Bihar. The district was formed on 1 June 1986 by separating Deoghar sub-division of the erstwhile Santhal Parganas district.

Deoghar is a famous health resort and a major Hindu pilgrimage center. It has the ancient temple of Baba Baidyanath, which is one of the twelve 'jyotirlingas' and also one of the 51 saktipeeths in India. Baidyanath Dham, situated in the Santhal Parganas of Bihar, is a very important piligrim centre. It's famous for the temple of Shiva-Baidyanath and the place is a popular holiday centre. Deoghar is an ancient town famous for its group of 22 temples dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. The ‘Purans’ refer to this temple as fit place for funeral obsequies. It is also famous for the mela of Shrawan (5th month according to the Hindu calendar system). It is the only place in India where the jyotirlinga and the saktipeeth are together. They lay side by side. Each year between July and August(On the eve of shravan month) about 7 to 8 million devotees come from various part of India to offer holy water from the Ganges at Sultangunj—almost 108 km from Deoghar—to present it to Shiva. Baidyanath Dham is one of the most secret destinations in Indian tourism. Many parts are untouched till recently. Numerous Buddhist ruins are also located nearby.

Deoghar has a picturesque location. Deogarh district is located in the western portion of Santhal paraganas. It is bounded by Bhagalpur district in north, Dumka in south and east and Giridhi in west. The district extends from 240 03’ and 230 38’ N latitude and 860 28’ and 870 04’ E longitude and comprises 2481 sq. km. area.

The district contains several clusters of rocky hills covered with forest, but series of long ridges with intervening depressions. Most of the rolling uplands are cultivated by highland crops.  The average elevation of the district is 247 m above msl, However hill ranges like Phuljari (750 m), Teror (670 m) and Degaria (575 m) break the monotony of the landscape. The general slope of the district is from north west to south east. Geologically the district is mainly covered by chhotanagpur granite gneiss of Archean age with paches of alluvium, sandstone and shale of Gondawana formations. Important rivers flowing in the district are the Ajay, the Paltro etc. These rivers gather a large number of tributaries which form the land scape full of Tanrs and Dons.

The nearest railway station is Baidyanathdham. Jasidih junction is about 7 km from Baidyanathdham railway station, which is on the main line of Howrah-Delhi route of Indian railway. It is about 229 km from Patna (capital of Bihar) and 322 km from Ranchi (capital of Jharkhand) and about 315 km from Kolkata (capital of West Bengal).

The most important seasonal fairs held at Deoghar are on the occasion of Shivratri, Shravana Sombari and Shri Panchami. Among other important fairs and meals are-Gopastmi mela, Dussehra mela, Makar Sankranti mela, Newan mela and Durga Puja.

The landscape of Deoghar is high, low, hilly and damp. 28% of the land is very fertile and cultivable. Cultivation in and around Deoghar is primarily rain-fed. The crop harvest is generally quite good.



Climate: - The district experience hot summer (March to May) heavy monsoon rains (June to September) and cool dry winters (October to February). Average annual rainfall is 1239 mm, mean summer maximum temperature is 430 C and mean winter minimum temperature is 80 C.

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Deoghar at a Glance -

Latitude

240 03’ and 230 38’ N

Longitude

860 28’ and 870 04’ E

Height from sea level

247 m above msl

Area (in sq. km.)

2,478.61 km2

Temperature (in degree centigrade)

80 C - 430 C

Rainfall (in mm)

1239 mm

Climate

 

Literacy rate

66.34 %

Main Tribes

 

Main minerals

 

Main crop

 

Languages spoken

 

Important Rivers

Ajay, Paltro

Nearest Railway Station

Baidyanathdham

Nearest Airport

 

National Highway passing through District

 

Population density

602

Number of blocks

7 blocks: Deoghar, Karon, Madhupur, Mohanpur, Palojori, Sarath and Sarwan

Number of villages

 

Population (Total)

1,491,879

Population (male)

776,741

Population (female)

715,138

Sex ratio

921

Administrative division

Santhal Pargana division

Headquarters

Deoghar

Year of formation

1 June 1986

Forest Area

 

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PLACES TO VISIT
Best time: The whole year

Baidhnath temple:
baidyanathRavana went to Mount Kailash and prayed to Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva gave him a Jyotirlinga and asked him to take it to his land. Ravana was not supposed to break his journey and place the lingam any where else. In case of such a mishappening the lingam would remain fixed on that spot forever. The gods were most unhappy at the idea of the divine lingam being established in the enemy kingdom, which would render them powerless against their adversary, Ravana. A strategy was soon worked out to outwit the enemy. The god of water, Varuna entered Ravana’s body and urged him to relieve himself. Meanwhile, Vishnu disguised as an old brahmin, befriended Ravana and offered himself to hold the jyotirlinga for a minute. Ravana realised his folly when he returned to see the lingam on the ground with the Brahmin nowhere to be seen. Ravana did his best to uproot the lingam but beyond breaking the tip he was unsuccessful. He finally prostrated before the invincible lingam, which has ever since remained rooted at Deogarh. In deep remorse, Ravana used to come to this place everday and worship the lingam by offering water from the Ganges.Historically the temple is dated to 1596 when a hunter by the name of Baiju, discovered the lost lingam. Since then it came to be known as Baidyanath and people also call it Kamma Lingam - the desire fulfilling lingam.Kamana Ling is located about 1 KM from the railway station.

The ancient temple of Baba Baidyanath (Kamanalinga) is where one of the twelve Jyotirlingas in India is enshrined. The place is also known as Baidyanath Dham after Lord Shiva. In the month of `shrawan' devotees come in lacs, particularly on 'Mondays'. Many of these devotees come walking after traversing a distance of some 100 kms on foot to pour the holy Ganga water on Kamana Linga brought from Sultanganj. Baidyanathdham can be reached by train or road.

Naulakha temple:
Naulakha TempleThe beautiful temple of Radha-Krishna on the outskirts of Deogarh is worth a visit for its sheer architectural appeal. It was built by one of the disciples of Balanand Brahmachari, Rani Charushila, the queen of Pathuriaghat of Deoghar. Balanand Brahmachari used to meditate at Tapoban, 8 km from the city. Tapoban is an equally fascinating place famous for its hill top temples and caves.

 

Tapovan:
tapovanTapovan is situated 10 kms from Deoghar. There is a temple of Shiva which is the centre of attraction for pilgrims. The temple of Shiva is called Taponath Mahadeva. A number of caves are found in this hill. In one of the caves, a Shiva lingam is installed. It is said that Sage Valmiki came here for penance. Sri Sri Balananda Brahmachari obtained Siddhi (success through penance) here.

 

Rikhia dham:
rikhia dhamThis world famous Yogashram of "Shivanand Math Yogacharya" continues to serve the people and provides new life to the needy, is situated about 9 kms away from Deoghar in the northern part of the town. This Yogashram is a new branch of world famous "Shivanand Math of Munghyi" Every year on the eve of "shri Krishnajanamastmi" and "Sita Kalyanam" a "Shatchandi Mahayagya" is organized in which innumerable devotees from this country and abroad take part to in it.

Rikhia Yogashram is located at a small village called Rikhia in Deoghar District. Founded by Swami Satyananda Saraswati, this ashram is internationally famed and attracts many people from different corners of the world. This ashram actively participates in various social activities. An annual fair is arranged here with great pomp and fanfare during the months of November or December, attended by large number of foreigners.

Trikuti hill:
Trikuti Hill24 kms west of Deoghar, it is famous for its Hill Temples. There are three main peaks on the hill which is why it is called Trikutachal. It is believed that many sages have attained salvation on the top of these hills, known as Trikut. Consisting of huge boulders, the hill is famous for its temples. A small temple dedicated to Goddess Parvati is situated on the right side of the hill. Adjacent to the idol of the goddess is a shivling. There is also a temple of Shiva at this place known as Trikutachal Mahadeva Temple. It is the mouth of river Mayurakshi. Here we also find an altar of the goddess of Trishuli. A large number of people assemble here during Shivratri.

The height of this hill is 2,470 feet (750 m). It is an attractive place with a cool stream flowing. Now this have Jharkhand's first ropeway.

Satsang ashram: satsang ashram
This ashram is a holy place to visit for many foloowers of Shri Shri Thakur Anukulachandra which propagates Arya Dharma and culture. It also has a museum and a zoo with a sarva dharma mandir, which is worth seeing.

 

Nandan hill:
It's a beautiful hill also known as Nandan Hill Park and lies on the western side of Deoghar-the whole town and its surroundings is visible from here. For the tourists there are various arrangements like train, Russian swing, Boating club, restaurants, etc, together with a big statue of 'Nandi' - all these attract numerous visitors to this place.

This is a small hill edging the town which hosts a famous Nandi Temple. It has been beautifully maintained by the local administration and speaks volume about the beauty of this place. This hill faces the famous Shiv temple on its one side and on the other side it has a beautiful lake luring the visitors.

Pagal baba temple:
It is situated 8 km. away from Tower Chowk on the Jasidih - Rohini road. It was established by Pagla Baba (Late Lilananda Thakur) who belonged to Bangladesh. Here idols of Radha - Krishna are installed. The idols weigh about 6 quintals and are made of eight metals. The Ashram conducts continuous Sankirtan. This ashram is worth visiting.

Devasangha math:
Devsangh MathDev Sangha Math/ Ashram at Deoghar, a divine Association, was founded by Narendra Nath Brahmachary. It has a number of disciples. It is situated 3 km away from Baidyanath temple and 2 km from Deoghar railway station. The Nava Durga Temple at Devsangha Math has an idol of Goddess Durga in the Bengali style. There are also images of Krishna, Annapurna and Maheshwara. The temple was constructed in 1955. Beside the temple, a statue of its founder Narendra Nath Brahmachary is also installed. Durga Puja celebration at Devsangha is an important event at Deoghar. Thousands of devotees come every year during this celebration.

Nav Durga Temple is about 2.5 km away from Deoghar is situated an attractive temple of Maa Durga which has a metallic temple of Maa Durga, and paintings depicting her nine forms.

Harila jori:
Harila JoriThis site is well known for its Shiva Temple. Harila Jori is situated in the northern side of Deoghar, 8 km away from Baidyanath temple and 5 km away from Tower chowk. During ancient times, the area was full of Haritaki (Myrobalan) trees. This was the place where Ravana handed over the lingam to lord Visnu disguised as a brahmin, and went for urination. A stream flows here and is known as Ravana Jori Legends say that both Shiva and Vishnu met here. Hence the name Harila-Jori. The Shiva temple was constructed by Achintan Das. There is also a tank at this place which is famous as Shool Harini tank. It is a famous tourist place.

Ramkrishna mission ashram:
It is a famous educational center based on the principles of Shri Ram Krishna and his disciple Swami Vivekananda. There is a museum , a zoo and a artistic temple of Shri RamKrishna at this place.

Ramakrishna Mission Vidyapith was established in 1922. It is the oldest educational institution of Ramakrishna Mission, and was visited by some of the brother disciples of Swami Vivekananda. Therefore, it bears the blessings as well as inspirations of many spiritual personalities behind its growth over the years.

Hindi vidya peeth:
Hindi VidyapeethAbout 1 km away in the northern part of Baba Mandir is this Vidyapeeth established by our first President Dr. Rajendra Prasad in the year. 1929 and he served as the Vice Chancellor of this institution. Here foreigners and non-hindi students are taught Hindi.



Other Places to see

Shravani Mela : All the devotees of Lord Shiva are heartly welcome at the Maha Shravani Mela, at Deoghar, the holy abode of Lord Shiva. Devotees, after    having  a dip at Uttar Vahini Ganga at Sultanganj, carry the Holy Gangas Water. In the Kanwar, barefooted, for a distance of 105 kms up to Deoghar. Their journey culminates by offering this Holy Water to the Lord of Lords, Shiva.

Basukinath: 43 Kms from Deoghar, there is an attractive Shiva Temple here. It is believed that a pilgrimage to Deoghar is complete only  after offering holy water to Lord Shiva at Basukinath.

Kundeshwari: It is situated about a kilometre away from Chandi Hill, Navagraha Temples are also situated here. Idols of Lord Shiva & Mother Parvati, Ganesh & Lakshmi - Narayan have been installed here. It was constructed by Late Ramapada Bandopadhyay (Hoogly, W.B.) in 1911 A.D. On the way to this temple a Kali Temple was established by Late Fakir Chandra Chatterjee.

Hathi Pahar or Mahadevatari: There is a small hillock in the east of Deoghar which is popularly known as Hathipahar or Mahadevatari. The name of Mahadevatari defines that this hillock is beneath the temple of Shiva. From a distance this hillock looks like an elephant, that is why, it is called Hathipahar. There is a small stream of water which flows continuously. People visit this place and drink the river water. The belief is that its water can cure all stomach related diseases.

Shivganga: When Ravana was taking the lingam to Lanka, he felt the urge for urination. He handed over the lingam to a brahmin and went for urintation. After urination, he needed to wash his hands and be purified before holding the lingam. When he did not find any water source nearby, he made a blow with his fist on the earth and water came out and formed a pond. This pond is now known as Shivaganga. The old name of Shivaganga is Varvoghar kund. It is situated just 200 metres away from the Baidyanath temple. In ancient India Ashwini Kumaras, doctors of gods, bathed in this tank and cured themselves from diseases. Formerly it was a small tank. Later, the Zamindar of Lakshmipur estate shaped it to the present size. Taking bath into the Shivaganga is the same as taking bath into the Ganges. Shiva devotees, who come to Deoghar, take a dip into the Shivaganga to purify themselves before offering water to the Jyotirlingam. It is said that this pond has never dried up. On the western side, a small temple has been constructed by Raja Jai Singh. It is a Shiva temple. It stands near Ganesh Kala Mandir.

Tara Peeth: There is a famous shakti peeth near Deoghar. A yogi Bamakhepa worshipped the goddess Kali. It stands on the bank of Dwaraka. A rare image of Tara is visible in the inner apartment of the temple. Pilgrims and tourists, who visit Baidyanath, come to worship Tarapeeth. One can go to Tarapeeth by bus and car.

Mansarovar: It was constructed by Raja Man Singh, who was Akbar's General and the then ruler of Bengal. It is situated in the west of Shivaganga. There is also an altar of Khatri Baba whom people worship to fulfil their needs.

Three Important Fairs: There are three important fairs, namely, Shri Panchmi mela held in January, Shivaratri mela held in March and the Bhadra Purnima mela held in September. Shivaratri mela is attended by about one- lakh visitors in the course of a fortnight. A number of lodging houses is available for pilgrims. The Pandas or the priests have also a large number of rented houses of their own where the pilgrims stay usually for one day.

HOW TO REACH:
Air: Nearest Airport is at Ranchi, 385 kms away and Patna 270 kms away.
Rail: the nearest railway station is Baidyanath Dham (Deoghar) which is a terminal station of a 7 km branch line originating at Jasidih Jn. on the Howrah-Delhi main line. Apart from local trains on the branch line trekkers (type of jeep) taking in passengers on a per person fare basis and auto rickshaws are available.
Road: Deoghar is approachable from Kolkata 373 km, Giridih 112 km, Patna 281 km, Dumka 67 km, Madhupur 57 km, Shimultala 53 km and other places. Regular buses are available from surrounding towns.

Local Transport:Unmetered Taxis, Scooters, Cycle Ricksaws are available.

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