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Dhanbad district situated in the state of Jharkhand is a mining and industrial town. It is the largest city in Jharkhand and is famous for its coal fields. The Dhanbad lies between 23.37'3" N and 24.4' N latitude and between 86.6'30" E and 86.50' E longitude. Dhanbad lies 168 km from Ranchi and 171 kilometers from Jamshedpur, and is bounded by Giridih on the west, Bokaro on the north, by Giridih and Dumka and on the east and south by Purulia district of West Bengal.

Dhanbad is also known as the 'Coal capital' and 'City of Coal' due to the rich deposits present in the district. Its economy completely depends upon coal mining and related industries. The companies which have played a major role in the development of Dhanbad are Tata Steel, Indian Iron and Steel Company Bharat Coking Coal Ltd. etc.

There are 100850 acres of hillocks and 56454 acres of forests. It is about 500-1000 feet above Sea level. Its soil is, by and large lateritic in nature.

The Damodar is the most important river of the Chotanagpur plateau. It rises in Palamu and flows eastward between the plateaus of Ranchi and Hazaribag. It is joined by the Bokaro, the Konar and the Barakar rivers. The Damodar enters Dhanbad district at its confluence with the Jamuria, a stream which marks the western boundary of Dhanbad with Hazaribagh District. Further east, the Damodar is joined by the Katri River which rises in the foot hills below Parasnath and traverses through the Coal-field Area. The Damodar flows for about 77 Km. through the district, being joined by the Barakar at its eastern border near Chirkunda. The Panchet dam extending to roughly 6 Kms. is built on river Damodar. The hydel station there generates 40,000 K.W. per hour. Among other small rivers in the district are Gobai, Irji and the Khudia besides the river Katri.

The Barakar, which forms the northern boundary of the district, traverses about 77 Kms. In the district. It flows in south westerly direction up to Durgapur and then south till it joins the Damodar near Chirkuda. The Maithon dam is located on this river about 13 Kms. off its confluence with the Damodar. Attached to it is the Maithan Power Station with a generating capacity of 60,000 K.W.H.

Dhanbad district was constituted in 1956 by carving out the old Dhanbad subdivision, Chas and Chandankiyari police stations of the Sadar  subdivision of the erstwhile Manbhum district. Dhanbad is Police district since 1928. The re-organisation of the districts in the State of Bihar which took place after 1971 did not affect the district of Dhanbad. In 1991 a part of   Dhanbad district was sliced away to form Bokaro district.

Dhanbad has a rich history of growth, urbanisation and migration of people. The early history of the Dhanbad is shrouded in mystery. Details of even later periods are difficult to trace. The present district used to be a part of Manbhum. In the Settlement Report for Manbhum (1928) it was stated that no rock inscriptions, copper plates or old coins were discovered and not a single document of copper plate or palm leaf was found, during the Survey and Settlement operations. The oldest authentic documents produced were all on paper and barely even a hundred years old. Dhanbad was in Manbhum district from 1928 up to 1956. However, on 24 October 1956, Dhanbad was declared a District on the Recommendation of the States Reorganization Commission vide notification 1911. And from 1956 to 14 November 2000 it was under Bihar. At present it is in Jharkhand, after the creation of state on 15 November 2000.


The climate of the district is characterised by general dryness. It is very pleasant during the cold weather from November to February. Thereafter the climate becomes warm. It remains hot until the monsoon breaks towards the middle of June. With the setting in of rains the temperature falls and humidity rises, July to October are the rainy months. July and August are the wettest months. The average rainfall during July is 287 mm and that in August 445 mm. The average annual rain fall in the district is approximately 1300mm.

Dhanbad at a Glance -


23o37'3" N and 24o4' N


86o50' E

Height from sea level

761 feet (232 m)

Area (in sq. km.)

2886 Sq. K.m

Temperature (in degree centigrade)


Rainfall (in mm)

1310.6 mm



Literacy rate

75.71 %

Main Tribes


Main minerals


Main crop


Languages spoken


Important Rivers

Damodar, Katri

Nearest Railway Station


Nearest Airport


National Highway passing through District


Population density


Number of blocks


Number of villages


Population (Total)


Population (male)


Population (female)


Sex ratio


Administrative Division

North Chotanagpur division



Year of formation

24 October 1956

Forest Area

22149.50 Hec.



Maithon dam:-

Maithon damLiterally meaning Mother's Abode, it is the biggest reservoir of the Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC). This dam, designed for flood control, has been built on the Barakar river. It has a unique underground power station which is first of its kind in SE Asia. Just a little away from the dam lies an ancient temple at Kalyaneshwari. The lake at Maithon is spread over an area of 65 sq. km. There is a rest house on an island in the lake. Boating and fishing facilities are available. Close by, a Deer Park and a bird sanctuary are also situated. Prior permission is required for visiting the powerhouse. The permits are issued from the office of the Assistant Public Relations Officer and guide services are also made available.

Kalyaneshwari temple:
Kalyaneshwari Temple Close to Maithan Dam,46 kms away from Dhanbad,is the famous temple presiding deity of which is Maa Kalyaneshwari.It draws a large number of devotees throughout the year.So famous is the temple that even the name Maithan is said to have been derived from Mai-Ka-Than meaning Abode of the Goddess. There is also a deer park and a bird sanctuary in the vicinity.




ISMIndian school of mines:
Indian School of Mines (ISM) is a fully residential co-educational public university located in the mineral-rich belt of India in the town of Dhanbad. It was established in 1926 on the lines of Royal School of Mines London. In 1997 the institute began admitting students through the Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE). Today, it is a multidisciplinary institute catering to a wide range of engineering disciplines.


Panchet dam:
Panchet DamThis is also a census town situated 9 Kms. South of Chirkunda and about 54 Kms. South east of Dhanbad. The Panchet Dam, around which the Township has developed, is located here.




Shakti mandir:
A much reverred temple of Goddess Durga in the heart of the town,Shakti Temple draws a large number of devotees.


Topchanchi Lake:Topichanchi Lake
Topchanchi Lake (37 km) is situated on national highway # 2. It is an artificial lake surrounded by green hills and forests and a wonderful place for picnics and spending quiet holidays.




There are fertilizer and other factories and a Govt Engineering College Birsa Institute of Technology. The famous fertiliser complex, 30 kms away from Dhanbad,is located at Sindri on the bank of Damodar river.

Chark - Khurd: The village, situated about 10 Kms from Tundi on the Dhanbad- Govindpur -Giridih Road, is noted for its hot spring.

Panrra: The village which also lies in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda Block, it said to have derived its name from the Pandavas. According to local legend the Pandavas spent some period of their exile in hiding at this place. The village contains an ancient temple of Lord Shiva known as Pandeweshar Mahadev. The temple is believed to have been constructed by Hindu King at a much later day.

Chati gobindpur: The village which also is located in GOVINDPUR development block, contains two ancient pillars which are locally associated with Emperor Asoka and the Afghan Chief Sher Shah.

Meva: The village is situated in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda Block . It contains ancient pillars said to date back to the time of Emperor Ashoka. There is also a large stone image said to be of Ashoka himself.

Gopalpur: The village lies in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda development block. It contains an ancient pillar said to date back to the time of Emperor Asoka. There is also a large stone image said to be of Asoka himself.

Jhinjhipahari: The village is situated in Baghmara development block. It is said that an ancient temple of Lord Shiva was found when the mines here were being worked.


Dhanbad is situated around 270 kms from Kolkata in Howrah - Delhi route.

Air: The nearest airport connected to all major cities of the country is Ranchi & Kolkata Airport.

Rail : All important trains including Rajdhani & Satabdi Express stop here.

Coming from North India take either Rajdhani Express, Poorva Express, Kalka Mail, Jammu-Tawi Express, or New-Delhi-Howrah Express. In addition Purusottam Express and Jharkhand Express passes through Gomoh, which is 30 minutes from Dhanbad.

Coming from Bombay side - Bombay Howrah mail is the direct train to Dhanbad.

From South -Allepy Dhanbad Express is the direct train. Otherwise come to Howrah and from Howrah you have a large number of trains to Dhanbad.


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