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Giridih

Giridih District, an administrative district of Jharkhand has its headquarters at Giridih. Giridih District was carved out from Hazaribagh District on 4th December, 1972. The district lies between 24’ 11” north latitude and 86’ 18” east longitude. Lying almost in the central part of the North Chota Nagpur Division, this district is bounded by Jamui District and part of Nawada district of Bihar in the north, by the districts of Deoghar and Jamtara on the east, by Dhanbad District and Bokaro District on the south and west by districts of Hazaribagh and Kodarma. Giridih District is spread over an area of 4853.56 sq km. The land of the district is rocky and in some parts it is cultivable. Dumri, Pirtand, Gandey, part of Giridih, Tisri, Gawan and part of Deori are hill areas, where as Jamua, Dhanwar, Bagodar and Bengabad Blocks have cultivable areas. The famous Parasnath hill is situated here and it is the highest peak of Jharkhand having altitude of 4431 feet above the sea-level. The district is also famous as a place of ruby mica and coal field. The famous Grand Trunk Road also passes through this district.

The district contains a large portion of forested area which is distributed almost uniformly all over. Sal is the most famous and predominant species of trees in the jungles of the district. Among other common species are bamboo, khair (catechu), salai, simul, mahua, palas, kusum, kend, asan piar and bhelwa. The forest consist of  wildlife living such as leopards, bears, jackals, foxes, pigs, hares, variety of deer and creeping reptiles and lizards.

The district is divided into two main water heads viz the Barakar and the Sakri rivers. The Barakar rivers drains major portion of the district ,enters the district near the Birni block and also flows through certain portions of the pirtand block. The Sakri river touches the areas of Deori and Gawan blocks. These are a number of small rivers also in the district,the most important among them being Usri.


History
History of Giridih District is a part of the history of its parent district, Hazaribagh as well as also of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The entire territory of Chhota Nagpur, known as Jharkhand was believed to be covered with inaccessible hills and forests. Though this region was in touch with many parts of India, yet the non-Aryan tribes who resided here had no king. The inhabitant of Chota Nagpur decided to elect a king due to regular foreign invaders and Mundas became the king of the state. As per the history of Giridih District, Chota Nagpur division including the district of Giridih appears to have remained unexploited. The succession of Akbar to the throne of Delhi in 1556 AD opens a new chapter in the history of Jharkhand. To the Mughal Emperors it was also known as Khukra. During that period, the region was first introduced as revenue administration of Mughal. The conquered provinces as they were then called were formed into a British district which comprised Ramgarh, Kendi, Kunda and Kharagdiha (which together constituted the old district of Hazaribagh comprising Giridih) and the whole of Palamu. Subsequent to the Kol rising in 1931 which, however, did not seriously affect Giridih, the administrative structure of the territory was, however, changed. These provinces became part of the Southwest Frontier Agency and were formed into a division named Hazaribagh, with Hazaribagh as the administrative headquarters. In 1854 the designation of the south-west Frontier Agency was changed to Chota Nagpur and it began to be administered as a Non-regulation Province under the Lieutenant Governor of Bihar.

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Giridih at a Glance -

Latitude

24’ 11” north

Longitude

86’ 18” east

Height from sea level

Area (in sq. km.)

4853.56 sq km

Temperature (in degree centigrade)

Rainfall (in mm)

Climate

Literacy rate

65.12%

Main Tribes

Main minerals

Mica, Coal

Main crop

Languages spoken

Khortha, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali

Important Rivers

Usri, Barakar, Sakri

Nearest Railway Station

Nearest Airport

National Highway passing through District

Population density

497

Number of blocks

13

Number of villages

Population (Total)

2,445,203

Population (male)

1,258,607

Population (female)

1,186,596

Sex ratio

943

Administrative Division

North Chotanagpur division

Headquarters

Giridih

Year of formation

4th December, 1972

Forest Area

1, 59, 160.78 hect..

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Get around & See

Usri Falls – 14 km away from Giridh, Three Wheeler Autoricksaws are available as the main local transport here.A famous picnic spot situated about 14 kms east of Giridih town Amidst in the range of the famous Parasnath Hills ,the Usri River gushes down from a steep gorge , some 40 feet high in three separate streams .


How to reach: Nearest Railway Station is Giridih. Taxi and Auto Rikshaw are available from railway Station and bus Stand.

Khandoli – 10 km from Giridh, it is a water reservoir, one of the best sites for water-related adventure sports and bird watching. Khandoli Park
A water reservoir some 10 km North-East of Giridih headquater is one of the best site for water related adventure sports and bird-watching. A watch tower and 600 feet high hillock offers a panoramic view of Khandoli site.Elephant and Camel Safari and numbers of other amusement facilities are available there including boating , Rock-climbing Parasailing and Kayaking.


How to reach: Nearest railway station is Giridih. Taxi are available from railway station and bus stand.

Harihar DhamHarihar Dham – This is a famous Shivlinga temple A small hamlet about 60kms South-west of Giridih district headquarter under Bagodar Block possesses the largest Shiva Linga of India. Its height is 65 ft. People from all over India come here every year on Shrawan Purnima to worship.

Langta Baba Samadhi Sthal, (in Kharagdiha, some 30 km to west of the town). Langta baba was a saint of the locality, and is worshiped like a god. Offering chadar to his samadhi is a ritual followed here. You can take back a chadar in lieu of the offered chadar which is an auspicious possession.

Surya Temple mirzaganj, (Stop here while returning from Langta Baba Samadhi). This is a nice and beautiful temple built in the middle of a lake in the shape of a lotus flower.

Shree Kabir Gyan Mandir, Sihodih Sirisia (2-3 Km from Bus terminus And Railway Station), ☎-06532223393.

Rijubalika Jain Temple - Located 12 km from the district headquarters near the Barakar village on the banks of Barakar, here you have the sacred feet of Bhagwan Mahavir Swami the deity’s image is being worshipped in this Rijubalika Jain Temple.

Devari - Here you have the oldest temple of Goddess Durga which dates back 11th century, a historical monument that expresses human inhabitants those days at this region.

MadhuvanMadhuban – Jainism where one of the ancient beliefs among Indians, as a proof this location has a old Jain temple which dates back to 2000 years ago; being situated 25 km from the district headquarters the spot enhances great ritual values of Jainism in this museum, the grand old scriptures of Jain, idols, and manuscripts are exhibited here for reality. The nearby landmarks are the Samosharan and Bhomiyaji Jain temples.

 


Parasnath HillParasnath Hill - This is a hill station location positioned to a height of 4431 ft above sea level is accessible via road, this spot is said to be the hill deity of the tribal people and today it has been announced as the wildlife sanctuary to this region. The important communal symbol Langta Baba Mazar’ is present here although the years that fills in harmonious living amidst the tribes.

Significantly the oldest of the jain temple appears to date only from AD. 1775. Parasnath is the "Marang Buru "or hill deity of the Santhal of Hazaribagh,Manbhum,Bankura and Santhal Parganas and each year they assemble at the period of the full noon in Baisakh from these district and celebrate a religious hunt for three days after which a great tribal session is held .Since Parasnath has been declared as a wild life sanctuary District administration and Forest official are trying to persuade the local tribe to give up their religious hunt. The special sanctity of Parasnath for the Jains arises from the tradition that twenty -third of the Tirthankars (religious saints who are the object of their worship),Parsva or Parsvanath , like nine of his predecessors attained nirvana on the hill. According to local tradition the number of Tirthankars who attained nirvana on the Parasnath hill is 20 and not 9 .For each of them there is a shrine( gumti for tuk) on the hill.

Jharkhandi Dham - People of the state Jharkhand gather here annually to celebrate fairs and festivals , the uniqueness to this spot is buildings without roofs and this is a pilgrim centre where people share their love and worship to themselves and to their Gods’.

Do
• Enjoy scenic beauty of Khandoli dam,Watch classic movies in swarn/savera theater, have good food at Madhuban or Gally Hotel.
• If you are old and retired, Giridih is a nice place to spent rest of your life in peace and harmony.
• Parasnath is one of the famous holy place for Jain people.
added by shibli: A must watch is the jungles near by. climb christian hill. Go to beniadih coal mines. try to trek from bengabaad to pachamba through the forests. Try to trek from maheshmunda to sugga pahari.

Transport
By rail - 38 km from Madhupur on the Howrah-Delhi main line. Madhupur is 294 km from Kolkata. There is a branch line from Madhupur to Giridih. There is single passenger train which run 5 times during the day and it takes about an hour to reach Giridih. Parasnath railway station, on the Howrah-Delhi grand chord line, is 48 km from Giridih. The adjacent town is called Isri, it is on Grand Trunk Road.
By bus – The district is well served by a network of good roads, besides, the
Grand Trunk Road there are a number of State Highway and REO roads connecting one place of the district with other places within and outside the district. regular buses connect it with Munger, Dhanbad, Bhagalpur, Koderma and other places. Dumri on Grand Trunk Road (NH 2) is about 45 km from Giridih.

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