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Hazaribagh

District of Hazaribagh “Means a thousand gardens” has an excellent climate and beautiful scenery all around it in the midst of dense forest. It is rich in flora and fauna. Hazaribagh is 93 km. from Ranchi by road. It is located on N.H.33.

The district of Hazaribag is situated in the north east part of North Chotanagpur Division. The boundary of this district consists of districts of Gaya and Koderma in the north, Giridih and Bokaro in the east, Ranchi in the south and Palamu and Chatra in the west. The districts of Koderma, Chatra and Giridih have been bifurcated from this district.

The district of Hazaribag is a part of Chotanagpur plateau. This area is full of several plateaus, mountains and valleys. There are three natural divisions of this district - Medium Plateau, Lower Plateau and Damodar Valley. district headquarter is a part of medium plateau.

The main mountains of Hazaribag are Chandwara and Jillinja and their heights are about 2816 and 3057 ft respectively. The main rivers of this district are Damodar and Barakar. About 45% area of this district is forest area. The forest area of this district is full of medicinal plants and trees. Leopards, bears, jackals and foxes etc. freely move in these forests. In the winter season several foreign birds visit these forests areas.

There are several ores and minerals in the naturally rich and beautiful district of Hazaribag. Mica and Coal are the main minerals. These minerals are very important from industrial point of view. China clay and limestone are also found in this district.

History
In according to the history of Hazaribagh District in early times it was covered with inaccessible forests. Throughout the Turko-Afghan period the area remained virtually free from external influence. Subsequent to the uprising of Kol caste in 1831 the administrative structure of the territory was subsequent. The Paraganas Ramgarh, Kharagdiha, Kendi and Kunda became parts of the South-West Frontier Agency and were formed into a division named Hazaribagh as the administrative headquarters. In 1854, the designation of South-West Frontier Agency was changed to Chota Nagpur and it began to be administered as a non-regulation province under the Lieutenant Governor of Bihar. In 1855-1856 there was the great uprising of the Santhals against the British but was brutally suppressed. After 1991 Census, Hazaribagh division has been divided into three separate districts namely Hazaribagh, Chatra and Koderma.

Climate
Hazaribagh experiences Tropical Climate with hot summers and cold winters. The maximum temperature during the summer months (March to May) rises to a high of 42°C. The minimum temperature of the region drops to a low of 4°C during winter (November to February). The monsoon is between June to October.

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Hazaribagh at a Glance -

Latitude

23.5 North to 24.4 North

Longitude

85.1 East to 85.9 East

Height from sea level

 

Area (in sq. km.)

11165 sq km.

Temperature (in degree centigrade)

Max. 42.20 and Min. 4.00 degree Celsius

Rainfall (in mm)

1262.6mm

Climate

 

Literacy rate

70.48%

Main Tribes

 

Main minerals

Mica and Coal

Main crop

Wheat, Paddy, Maize, Gram, Arhar, Sarso

Languages spoken

 

Important Rivers

Damodar and Barakar

Nearest Railway Station

 

Nearest Airport

 

National Highway passing through District

 

Population density

403

Number of blocks

16

Number of villages

1336

Population (Total)

1734005

Population (male)

891179

Population (female)

842826

Sex ratio

946

Administrative Division

North Chotanagpur division

Headquarters

Hazaribagh

Year of formation

 

Forest Area

2088(34.81%)

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Distance of Various places from Hazaribag is given below:

Calcutta (Via-Asonsol-Barhi)

434 kms

Ranchi 

91 kms

Dhanbad   

128 kms

Gaya 

130 kms

Bodh Gaya     

118 kms

Patna 

235 kms

Daltonganj 

198 kms

Koderma  

59 kms

Bokaro  

113 kms

Jamshedpur 

223 kms

Rajgir

145 kms

VISITING PLACES:
The District of Hazaribag is having some places of tourist importance. The historical, archaeological & religious aspects of those places are sketched below:

NARSIGSTHAN TEMPLENARSIGSTHAN TEMPLENARSIGSTHAN TEMPLE
This is another important spot of religious tourism, located 6 km away from Hazaribag, on Barkagaon road in Khapriama village. Idol of lord Narsingh (lord Vishnu) is worshipped and in Garbhagriha is installed a Shiva lingam. There are other temples also such as those of Dashawatar, Surya Dev, Maa Kali and Hanumanji. About 200 devotees throng to this place daily. Many religious ceremonies are held here around the year. A big fair is held here on Kartik Purnima.


SURAJKUND

SurajkundSurajkund It is located on GT Road, 60 km from Hazaribag, in Barkaththa block. Hazaribag road railway station is 31 km from this place. The normal temperature of water here is 169-190 degree Fahrenheit. Besides two hot springs, there is also a cold spring. The water has a therapeutic effect due to high Sulphur content. There are 5 kund namely Surya Kund, Lakshman kund, Brahm Kund, Ram kund and Sita Kund. Besides there is a Durga temple also located here. A big fair is held here every year on vernal equinox. A large number of tourists throng to this place in winter.


NATIONAL PARKNational ParkNational Park
For preservation of the fauna and to enable visitors to view wild animals in their state of freedom a national park has been constituted within the Hazaribag district. It starts from about 10 miles from Hazaribag town on the Hazaribag-Barhi road and extends to east and west, but mostly westward for several miles. The total area is about 150 square miles with a core of right-free forest covering 80 square miles. Shooting is strictly prohibited in the entire 150 square miles, but while the inner core of 80 square miles has been preserved in the state of nature and no cutting of trees or disturbance of the flora in any manner is permitted, in the outer fringe of 70 square miles normal exploration has been allowed. A number of watchtowers to view the forest and wild life have been constructed and a Forest Rest House built at Rajderwah, 18 miles, from Hazaribag. The National Park is a beauty spot. A number of dams have been built and more are in process of construction. The purpose is to create pools of water where the animals may drink in summer. Towers generally have been constructed above these pools so that in summer visitors may sit on these towers and easily see the animals that will come to drink water. Artificial saltlicks have also been made for the animals. Roads have been constructed and are being extended. In addition to this National Park, the Koderma Reserved Forests have also been functioning as game sanctuary where shooting is prohibited.


RAJ DERWAH

Raj DerwahRajDerwah Raj Derwah is a beautiful spot at the center of the National Park. The forest bungalow is about six miles from Hazaribag-Barhi Road. Shooting is strictly prohibited here. The bungalow has good accommodation but no arrangement for cooking food. There is no electricity. There is a water tower that commands an excellent view. This is an ideal picnic spot.

 

CANARY HILLCanary hill
It is about 3 KM from the Hazaribag town. There is a Dak bungalow on the top of the hill. There is another hill adjacent to this hill. One may see the whole view of Hazaribag from here. It is a beautiful picnic spot and may be visited in any season. There is a Jungle around the hill and wild animals may also be seen in the night by chance. Lake construction is also going on below the hill.



HAZARIBAG LAKE & SWARNA JAYANTI CUM ENTERTAINMENT PARK

Entertainment Park It is situated in the heart of the town. Boating facility is available here. Near the lake are Swarna Jayanti Park and a Cafeteria.


 


SILWAR HILL
Silwar Hill is a beauty spot five miles from Hazaribag town on the road to Bagodar. A number of old images have been found at this place. In 1953 a temple was constructed where idols of Lord Jagannath, Balbhadra and Subhadra have been installed and a mela has been started on Ratha Yatra day. The place is now named ‘Jagannath Dham’. It is an ideal picnic spot although very close to the town.

KONAR DAM
Konar, the second of the four multi-purpose dams included in the first phase of the Damodar Valley Project, is situated in the Hazaribag district, across the Konar river, 23 miles above its confluence with the Damodar. The nearest railway station is Hazaribag Road on the Grand Chord.

Isco - Located 40 km from the district headquarters is famous spot where they have recently found the oldest cave picture in the world will be a renowned location to the tourist.

Parasnath Temple - About 190 km from Ranchi, Parasnath (also knows as Samved Shikhar) is the biggest hill of Jharkhand 4431 ft. above sea level. It is the most sacred / adored place of the Jains. It is believed that 20 out of 24 Teerthankars attained their Nirvana there. Both Shwetambar and Digamber Jains have their temples there.

This place reveals the devotional secrets of Parasnath who attained nirvana and purity those days, the Jain temple is located here is said to be the famous one in Jharkhand in this Parasnath hill. This temple of Jain is said to be constructed during the medieval periods with great architectural style and designs in the marble is a worthy spot to be visited.

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How to Reach

By Road: The Grand Trunk Road (National Highway No.2) covers some important places such as Hazaribag and Barhi. The Barhi-Hazaribag-Ranchi road is a part of N.H. 33 and the Barhi-Rajouli road is a part of N.H. 31.

By Rail: The district headquarters at Hazaribag is not directly connected by the rail. The nearest railway station from this town is Hazaribag Road situated at a distance of about 69 Kms. Other important places in district, viz., Patratu and Ramgarh are, however, on the rail head. Ranchi –Koderma railway line is currently under construction.

Hazaribagh town is on the main national highway connecting Ranchi to Patna. Roads connecting neighbouring areas are also there. The nearest railway station is Kodarma & Ramgarh.

By Air: The nearest airport Ranchi (91 kms) is connected with Calcutta, Patna, Lucknow and Delhi by regular Indian Airlines service


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