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District Koderma was created on 10th April 1994 out of  the old  Hazaribagh district of the North Chhotanagpur Division. It is known, as the Mica capital of India. Koderma and Tilaiya are only two important towns in the district. Koderma is district town of Jharkhand and is well known for rich Mica deposits and is also called as "Abharkh Nagari".

The district is bounded by 24015’46’’ and 240 49’18’’ N latitude and   85026’01’’and 85054’16’’ east longitude and covers an area of about 1500.00 Sq Km. It is bounded on the North by the Nawada district of Bihar, on the south by Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand on the east by Giridih district of Jharkhand and on the west by the Gaya district of Bihar.

Koderma district lies in the Chhotanagpur Plateau at 397m above the sea level.The area exhibits undulating topography comprising hills, hillocks, plains and mounds. Northern part of the district is occupied by Koderma Reserve Forest. The highest peak is Debour Ghati (677 metre) which is the state boundary of Jharkhand & Bihar.

Topography of Koderma District also includes several streams. River Barakar flows from west to east in the southern part of the district and supports Tilaiya Hydel Project, a multi purpose dam construction on it. Poanchkhara, Keso, Akto, Gurio, Gukhana Nadi are the main tributaries of Barakar River.

Sakri River is the main river in the northern part of the district which flows from south and east to North West. Ghggnna Nadi and Chhotanari Nadi are the tributaries of Sakri River. Mahua, Banyan Tree, Sakhua, Palas, Pipal, Neem Tree, Khajoor, Bamboo are found in the region. The climate of Koderma District can be described as a transition between the dry and moderately extreme climate of the northern India and the warm, humid climate of Bengal Basin. The climate of Koderma District can be described as a transition between the dry and moderately extreme climate of the northern India and the warm, humid climate of Bengal Basin. The climatic year of Koderma district can be divided into four principal seasons. Average rainfall of the district is 1192 mm yearly. Laterite soils are mainly found in this district. This soil is characterized by its acidic nature and not suitable for traditional agriculture. About 41% part of the Koderma district is covered with forests.

Koderma district is rich in minerals. The Koderma district and the Lokai-Indarwa area covers the southern part of Great Mica-Belt of Jharkhand, Bihar and India. More than 50 per cent of the total mica production of the country produced from here.

This district was abundant once in produces of mica but later started excavation due to the low quality and high costing, this place were previously known as ‘Abarakh Nagari’. Today this entire region depends on agriculture and produce paddy, maize, and pulses as the main crops of this district. Barakar and Sakri are the main rivers that flow through the region and the main tributary rivulets from Barakar River are Poanchkhara, Keso, Akto, Gurio, Gukhana Nadi.

Its climate is moderately hot and humid. The average rain fall is 1192 mm and the temperature ranges from 4˚c in winter to 42˚c in summer.


Koderma at a Glance -


24015’46’’ and 240 49’18’’ N


85026’01’’and 85054’16’’ east

Height from sea level


Area (in sq. km.)

1500.00 Sq Km

Temperature (in degree centigrade)

4˚c in winter to 42˚c in summer.

Rainfall (in mm)




Literacy rate

68.35 %

Main Tribes


Main minerals


Main crop

paddy, maize, and pulses

Languages spoken


Important Rivers

Barakar and Sakri

Nearest Railway Station


Nearest Airport


National Highway passing through District

National Highway 31

Population density


Number of blocks


Number of villages


Population (Total)


Population (male)


Population (female)


Sex ratio


Administrative Division

North Chotanagpur division



Year of formation

10th April 1994

Forest Area

64796.90 hectare


Places of Tourist Interests-

Dhwajadhari Hill (pahari) - This is an important hill landmark to the district.

Satgawan Petro Falls - Amidst the deep woods this waterfalls is a lovely location filled in with scenic and picturesque picnic spot, the nearby location of visit are Makamaro Hills, again a place of nature filled and Urwan tourist complex is another place of tourist interest.

Tilaiya Dam - Located 9 km from the district headquarters this dam is built across the Barakar river with beautiful hillocks around this spot is a valid picnic location to have fun and admire nature as we make every step ahead…

Maa Chanchala Devi Temple - This temple is dedicated to Maa Chanchala Devi situated at a distance of 33 km from the district headquarters on the highways between Kodarma- Giridih, this ancient shrine is said to be the incarnation of Goddess Durga and near to it you have cave and rock cut paintings that’s expresses Durga devi in four forms will be an added attraction to the tourists.

Domchanch - St.Paramhans Baba memorial tomb here is a historical monument of remembrance and worship here.

How to Reach

Koderma town is on the National Highway 31 connecting Ranchi and Patna. Koderma Railway station is also on the grand chord railway line connecting Calcutta and Delhi. Grand chord railway line was primarily laid for the quick movement of coal from Jharia & Raniganj coalfields.


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