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Latehar

     Latehar district has been created on 4th April 2001. Previously, it was a subdivision of old Palamau district of Jharkhand State. Latehar is located on the north–west corner of Jharkhand in the Palamau Commissionary. It is surrounded by Ranchi, Lohardaga, Gumla, Palamau and Chatra district apart from Chhattisgarh state and situated between 840.31’ East Longitude and 230 44.5’ North Latitude.
     The geogrophical area of the district is 3651.59 square kilometers. There are 7 (Seven) Development Blocks, namely Latehar, Chandwa, Balumath, Manika, Barwadih, Garu and Mahuadar. The villages are scattered amidst the dense forest, hilly terrains and agricultural fields.
     LATEHAR has been named after the village of the same name on Ranchi Daltonganj Road. It is 100 k.m. away by road from Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand. Latehar is famous for its rich natural beauty, forest, forest products and mineral deposits. Latehar remained an integral part of Palamau District as a sub division since 1924. 
     It’s a predominantly tribal district with almost 40% of the population belonging to the schedule tribes and more than 66% of total population comprises SCs and STs. The number of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes is predominantly high here and Latehar comes under Tribal Sub Plan Area. Latehar area had good missionary activities ongoing in the past. The rustic town of Latehar is the headquarters of Latehar district. It is located roughly around 95 km north-west of the state capital, Ranchi.
     The important rivers flowing through Latehar district are Barakar, Poanchkhara, Keso, Akto, Gurio, Gukhana, Nadi and Sakri. Latehar still has the quaint old world charm, not seen in large cities in India. Main tourist attractions in Latehar district include Jhumri Tilaiya, Tilaiya Dam, Urwan Tourist Complex, Dhwajadhari Hill (Pahari), Satagawan Petro falls, Saint Paramhans Baba Tomb, Makamaro Hills, Shaktipeeth Maa Chanchala Devi.

History
     Latehar was an integral part of Palamau; hence it is desirable to take into consideration the historical account of Palamau as a whole. The district of Palamau was constituted on 01 January 1928. Its headquarter Daltonganj was named after Colonel Dalton, the Commissioner of Chotanagpur during British rule. The area was inhabited by the autochthones tribes like Chero, Oraon and Kharwar. Oraon ruled a part of Palamau from Rohtasgarh. The Chero reigned in Palamau for more than 200 years. Among the important Chero rulers, mention may be made of Raja Medini Rai (1662-1674). He extended his sway over South Gaya and large parts of Hazaribagh and Sarguja. Medini Rai's memory has survived more for his justice than for his conquests. He built one of the Palamau forts (the lower fort). His son Pratap Rai built a fort near his father’s fort, which still exists in Betla.
    The influence of Mughals extended to Palamau during the reign of Emperor Akbar, when Palamau was invaded by Raja Man Singh in 1574. The troops left by him were however driven out in 1605, when Akbar died. In 1629 Shahjehan appointed Ahmad Khan as Subedar of Patna and Palamau was given to him as jageer. He imposed tribute on Chero rulers, but they refused to pay the tribute and hence Palamau faced three successive invasions of Muslims.
     The quarrel among the claimants of rights of kingship on Palamau gave way to the British to invade Palamau for the first time in 1772 and the fort of Palamau was captured. In 1832 the Cheros and Kharwars raised their voice against administration. The insurgents were however defeated in an engagements with the British forces near Latehar. 
     During 1857 movement Palamau was the most severely affected zone of Chotanagpur plateau. The brothers Nilambar and Pitambar, the chief of Bhogta clan of Kharwar tribe were holding ancestral Jagirs. Taking advantage of the movements against British rule they made up their minds to declare themselves to be independents and were joined by many Chero Jagirdars. They jointly attacked on British supporters. ‘O’ Malley (1907) has narrated that Nilambar and Pitambar were eventually captured, tried and hanged. Palamau played important role in freedom movement of the country. A momentous event was the visit of Mahatma Gandhi along with Shri Rajendra Prasad to Daltonganj on 11th January 1927 during his second tour in Bihar. The August disturbances in 1942 had their echoes in Palamau as well. Railway lines were dismantled, telegraph lines were cut a large number of people both at the district headquarters and the interior were arrested.
     Thus it is apparent that Latehar as a part of Palamau has undergone the impacts of Chero rule, British rule, Muslim infusion, Jamindari and Jagirdari Pratha various freedom movements etc. time to time.

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Latehar at a Glance

Latitude

23°44' North

Longitude

83°31' East

Area (in sq. km)

3,659.59 km2 (1,412.98 sq mi)

Height from sea level (in feet)

 

Temperature (in degree centigrade)

 

Rainfall (in mm)

 

Climate

 

Literacy rate

61.23%

Main Tribes

Chero, Oraon and Kharwar

Main minerals

 

Main crop

 

Languages spoken

 

Important Rivers

 

Nearest Railway Station

 

Nearest Airport

 

National Highway passing through District

 

Population density

200

Number of blocks

7

Number of villages

772

Population (Total)

725,673

Population (male)

369,534

Population (female)

356,139

Sex ratio

964

Administrative Division

Palamu Division

Headquarters

Latehar

Year of formation

4th April 2001

Forest Area

2010.2245 sq. k.m

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Places of Tourist Interests…


Sahi FallsSahi Falls - Located 35 km away from Netarhat this is an amazing location of scenic scenario that makes nature dwell here a while ,  this ideal picnic spot exposes  glamorous colourful locations around that makes us surrender our senses to nature, the nearby attractions are Upper Ghaghri waterfall, View Tower, Lower Ghaghri waterfall and Koel View Piont.

Kanti waterfalls (23km), Lower Ghaghri Waterfalls ( 10 km from Netarhat),Lodh Waterfalls ( 60 km from Netarhat), Mirchalya Waterfalls ( 3 km from Garu) are the other places of interest to view and celebrate with nature and its beauty.

Lodh Fall-
Lodh Fall is 61kms from Netarhat. The waters of the Burha river flow from Chhattisgarh and fall into Jharkhand from a height of 468 feet, making it the highest cataract in the state. Earlier known as Burha Ghagh, the waterfall dashes down the rocks from three sides, its white waters glinting in the sun. From the car park, there's a forest trail interspersed by 255 steps though you can hear the sound of crashing waters from afar. 

Chiyanki - This is an ideal location for weekend getaway, this spot will be a gate way to nature to be lived with and loved with as poets and poetesses.

GETTING THERE : From Netarhat, drive 40 km to Mahuadanr, from where Lodh is a 19 km diversion. Drive straight from Shastri Chowk and turn left from the pond at Pandridippa.

Magnolia Point - Located 10 km from Netarhat is a charming place of nature bliss and is well known for its majestic views of sunset.


How to get there
The district is well connected by road and rail, the nearest airport is Ranchi.

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