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Pakur

Pakur District is an administrative district of Jharkhand and its headquarters are at Pakur Town. This district is one of the important revenue earning districts of the state. Its black stone chips have got Asiatic fame in constructional qualities. Pakur District is situated in the north eastern region of Jharkhand. It is located at 23o 40' to 25o18' latitude and 86o 25' to 87o 57' E. longitude. Pakur District is bounded by Sahibganj district in north, Dumka District in south, Godda district in west and by Murshidabad district in east. This district occupies an area of 696.21 sq km.

Pakur was formed in 1994 earlier it was a part of Santhal Pargana district. Pakur, is famous for stone and Beedi (Biri) making industry, is one of the important revenue-earning districts of newly created Jharkhand State.

Topographically, it is divided into three parts i.e. the hilly area, the rolling area and the alluvial area. There are three main rivers in this district namely Bansloi, Torai & Brahmini.

History
History of Pakur District area is very little known before the medieval period. Basically two insignificant estates known as Pakur Raj and Maheshpur Raj existed in this area. After the Battle of Plassey the victorious British rulers developed their administrative network to control this region through Birbhum District. Pakur got elevated from sub-divisional status to a district on 28th January 1994 under the notification of state government of Bihar. Originally it was a sub-division of Santhal Pargana District since 1868. When Santhal Pargana was divided into four districts namely Dumka, Deoghar, Godda and Sahibganj, Pakur was tagged with Sahibganj. It remained a sub-division of Sahibganj District till it was upgraded as district in 1994.

Climate
The climate of the major portion of the district has a hot dry summer, a good rainy season and cool winter. However the climate conditions of Pakur are like West Bengal with the characteristics of damp heat. Summer begins from the middle of March here and extends up to June. Maximum temperature in may and early June is as high as 46.70 C. December & January are cool months.

The year is divided into three main seasons. The winter season is from November to February, the summer from March to May and the monsoon from June to September. October is a month of transition from monsoon to winter.

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Pakur  at a Glance -

Latitude

230 to 400 & 250 to 180 - north

Longitude

860 -280 and 870-570 east

Height from sea level

 

Area (in sq. km.)

696.21 sq km.

Temperature (in degree centigrade)

 

Rainfall (in mm)

135.46cm

Climate

 

Literacy rate

50.17%

Main Tribes

 

Main minerals

coal, china clay, fireclay, quartz, and silica sand and glass sand

Main crop

Kharif & Rabbi

Languages spoken

 

Important Rivers

Bansloi, Torai & Brahmini.

Nearest Railway Station

 

Nearest Airport

 

National Highway passing through District

 

Population density

498

Number of blocks

6

Number of villages

 

Population (Total)

899,200

Population (male)

453,101

Population (female)

446,099

Sex ratio

985

Administrative Division

Santhal Pargana division

Headquarters

Pakur

Year of formation

28th January 1994

Forest Area

 

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VISITING PLACES:
The District of Pakur is having some places of tourist importance. The historical, archaeological & religious aspects of those places are sketched below:

Siddhu-Kanhu Park :-
This Park, situated behind SDO Bungalow & in front of Deputy Commissioner’s residence, is the only beautiful & entertaining park of the district. Here stands the Martello tower, built by the British rulers of Palur to defend their Raj here from the onslaughts of Santhal warriors who had waged struggle to drive out the Englishmen, tyrant Jamindars, and Banias of their land.

Birkitti :- It is situated at the distance of 10km from Maheshpur Block HQ. There was a bitter battle fought between the local Rajput chief Raja Udit Narayan Singh & Nabab Murshid Kuli Khan of Murshidabad in the early 18th century. The ruins of the fort can still be seen.

Devinagar :- It is situated at the distance of 16km in the Southwest from Maheshpur Block HQ. It contains the remnants of temples & houses said to have been built by local Raja Udit Narayan Singh. The ruins of tunnel, which once connected this place with village Birkitti, can still be seen.

Hot Spring :- This natural fountain is fit in the place of Sidpur at the distance of 8km from Pakuria Block HQ. Through road link is not available but its importance from religious point of view is much more for Sapa Hore tribes. People of other community have a very pious view in taking bath in this hot spring especially on the occasion of Makar Sankranti.

Kanchangarah :- This place is situated on the top of the hill in the deep forest at the distance of 18km from Littipara Block HQ. It is in oval shape having a very peculiar sound while echoed. It is said to be the ruling sit of then Paharia king in this region. But its history is not available. Though references are found in the local dialects, which may be treated as interpolation only

Nityakali Mandir :-
Nityakali TempleThis temple exists in the campus of Pakur Rajbari in the north middle of Pakur Town. It is very old. The shape of the statue is engraved on a big black stone. The people of this area used to pay their floral offerings to Goddess kali with great devotion. Its origin relates to Pakur Raj family. Its distance from Pakur Railway station is 2km.

 


Shiv Sheetla Mandir :-Shiv sheetla Mandir
The temple of lord Shiva & Shakti is one of the centers of attractions among the religious people of Hindu community. It is situated in the Southeast from Pakur Railway Station at the distance of ½ km.

Mahakal Shakti Pith :- A proposed gorgeous temple of Mahakal Shakti Pith has been emerged as a center of devotion in the west of Pakur Town. It is situated in Talwadanga mohalla at the distance of 2.5km from Pakur Railway Station.

Dharni Pahar :- This place is situated at the distance of 15km. In the southwest from Pakur district HQ. There is an old temple of Lord Shiva on the hilltop where an annual fare is held on the occasion of Maha-Shivratri. Religious people pay their floral offerings with great devotion. If this place is being developed as a tourist center it may be important center of attractions among the tourists.

Diwan-e-PirDiwan-e-Pir :-
It is situated in the northeast form Pakur Railway Station Between Pakur & Tilvitta. Muslims offer their prayers on the eve of their festivals at this holy place.
    

 

How to reach

Road/Transport : The district HQ is connected  with Blocks/Anchals by pucca roads. Blocks & Anchals HQs are linked with panchayats by pucca & Kaccha roads made under JGSY Schemes. Some uncovered areas are in the process of connection with Panchayat & Block HQ by link roads under rural connectivity programme of Govt. of India.

Rail : Pakur is situated on the loop line of eastern Railway between Sahibganj and Burdhwan. Though it is connected with Howrah and Malda division through the loop line but journey facilities are not sufficient for frequent tours in different parts of the country.Whereas Railway has a good source of revenue as freight charges for carrying black stone of Pakur to different Rail heads.

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