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East Singhbhum

Dimna Lake

Purbi Singhbhum district is situated at the southeast corner of Jharkhand. It has been formed after isolating nine block from old Singhbhum on 16th January 1990.  The literal meaning of Singhbhum is land of lions. it is even known as the Sonar Singhbhum which is Golden Singhbhum.  From the industrial growth and mining quarrying point of view this district has leading position in Jharkhand.Before independence the entire area of Purbi Singhbhum district was part of old Manbhum district and old Dhalbhum estate.After independence it has been merged with greater Singhbhum.

From the administrative point of view this district has been divided into two Sub-Division Dhalbhum and Ghatshila.The district consists of eleven blocks namely Golmuri-cum-Jugsalai(Jamshedpur), Potka, Patamda and Boram in Dhalbhum Sub-Division and Ghatshila, Musabani, Dumaria, Baharagora, Dhalbhumgarh, Chakulia and Gurabandha in Ghatshila Sub-Division.There are 231 Panchayat and about 1810 revenue villages out of which 1669 Revenue Villages are inhabited and rest 141 Revenue villages are unhabitated.The Head Quarter of this district is Jamshedpur.

The district is bounded by Midnapur district (West Bengal) in the east, in the west by West Singhbum district, in the north by Purulia district (West Bengal) and in the south by Mayurbhanj district of Orissa.

History
Legendly it is said that in the past large number of lions were found in this area. Subsequently this geographical area has been named as Singhbhum "Land of Lions". Before independence the same area of this district was a part of old Manbhum District and Old Dhalbhum Estate. After independence it has been merged with the Greater Singhbhum.

Geography
The total geographical area of the district is 3533 Sq.Km. Which form about 2.03 % of the whole state. About 53% of the total area of the district is covered by residual mountains and hills consisting granite, gneiss, schist and basalt rocks. It is a part of Chhotanagpur plateau of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphosed rocks of Dharwarian period are found every where. The Dalma range is as main hill has been extended from west to East covered by dense forest. The Subernarekha river flows from west to south-east direction. All the tributaries of this area meet with the Subernarekha river. Generally the height of this area is 700 ft. to 3100 ft. above sea level. The district is rich in minerals and is found abundantly. Iron Ore, Copper, Uranium, Gold Kynite are the main minerals

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Climate
The Climate of the district is temperate. Annual rainfall is 1200 mm to 1400 mm. This area comes under the path of south-west monsoon so sometimes it receive heavy rain during July to September,During the summer season maximum temperature goes upto 40-45 degree centigrade whereas in winter it has recorded a minimum 8 degree centigrade.

Vegetation & Forest
In this District Deciduous type of forest is found in which Sal, Gamhar, Mahua, Palash, Bamboo, Shrubs and grass are the main vegetation. The district has at present 33 % forest area. Due to industrialization and large scale of mining quarrying deforestation has taken place. There is a Dalma wild animal sanctuary for elephants, which is very significant in scenario of the nation.

Socio-Economic Condition
In this District Deciduous type of forest is found in which Sal, Gamhar, Mahua, Palash, Bamboo, Shrubs and grass are the main vegetation. The district has at present 33 % forest area. Due to industrialization and large scale of mining quarrying deforestation has taken place. There is a Dalma wild animal sanctuary for elephants, which is very significant in scenario of the nation.

 East Singhbhum at a Glance -

Latitude

22’ 12” – 23’ 01” North

Longitude

86’ 04” – 86’ 54” East

Height from sea level

 

Area (in sq. km.)

3,533 sq,Km.

Temperature (in degree centigrade)

Max- 45 C , min - 8 C.

Rainfall (in mm)

1200 mm to 1400 mm

Climate

heavy rain during July to September

Literacy rate

76.13 %

Main Tribes

Santhal Tribe, Munda Tribe, Ho, Bhumiz, Kharia Tribe, Sabar Tribe

Main minerals

Iron Ore, Copper, Uranium, Gold Kynite

Main crop

 

Languages spoken

 

Important Rivers

Subernarekha

Nearest Railway Station

 

Nearest Airport

Ranchi, Calcutta

National Highway passing through District

National Highway No.33

Population density

648

Number of blocks

11

Number of villages

1810

Population (Total)

2,291,032

Population (male)

1,175,696

Population (female)

1,115,336

Sex ratio

949

Administrative Division

Kolhan Division

Headquarters

Jamshedpur

Year of formation

16th January 1990

Forest Area

33 %

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About Important Tourist Place

Jublee Park - A circular lake known as the Bagkudar Lake in the vicinity of the court buildings at Jamshedpur was a beauty spot. In 1937 , a beginning was made to develop a central park under the guidance of Mr. S. Percy Lancaster. The project was resumed in August 1955 with the Company's Jubilee in mind and its layout entrusted to Mr. G H Krumbiegel , and Mr. B. S. Nirody who had to their credit the famous parks of Mysore State and the Moghul Gardens of Rashtrapati Bhawan New Delhi.Jublee Park

The grounds of the park cover approximately an area of 500 acres with the vista of Dalma Hills to the north and the panorama of the Steel Works to the south. In about two years a vast stretch of unpromising terrain was converted into one of the best parks in India. The park has been designed around a central axis running from the founder's statue at it's highest point through the Moghul Garden, the Foliage group and the Rose garden to the little island in the center of the Jubilee Lake. There are two children's garden in the park provided with swings and equipment for play and exercise. There is children's 80-ft square maze made of a low hedge. The Jubilee Lake with an area of 40 acres has been dredged and deepened for boating and performing an island in the center. There is a boathouse and a cafeteria

Tata Zoological Park - Just besides the Jubilee park there lies the Zoological Park, which has been established by TATAs. The park has a beautiful lake, which has the provision for boating. The migratory birds fly in during the winter. This is another location of fun and fair to the local families and the tourists, this park is also dedicated by the Tata groups of company, the name is after the industrialist Tata, who is a native of Jamshedpur. This park is located close to the Jubilee park and near to it Jayanti sarowar lake, it’s another spot of pass time where you are provide by boating facilities. This Tata Park is considered to be a bird’s sanctuary at winter seasons and the main event of boat house and restaurant joints throttles the visitors spirit a worth of visit.

Jayanti Sarowar - This spot is a wonderful location to time out in ease, previously known as jubilee lake this lake expands over 40 acres wherein at the centre you have an island, boating facility is available for enhancement to touring spirit.

Dimna Lake - TATA Steel has constructed    Dimna Lake in the  Boram  Block. This lake is near to the Dalma Wild life Sanctuary and is  quite  attractive having t he facility for  boating.   Tourists   visit   this   lake  especially during November to  February. Even  the t ourists  keep  on visiting   this place  during  the other months too. The accessibility to this lake   becomes easier via Jamshedpur

Dalma Wild Life Sanctuary - Dalma Wild Life Sanctuary was started in the year 1975. On the top of Dalma hill Guesthouses of forest department and TISCO are located.Further there is a Shiva temple for the Hindus, which becomes an eyecatcher during the Hindu festival Shiv Ratri. From the top of this hill during night Jamshedpur City has an appearance similar to that of twinkling stars.The Sangam of Subarnarekha River and Kharkai River presents a joyful sight from the top of this hill.

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On the hill small hideouts have been built near the ponds, which enables the animals to arrive there for drinking water thereby giving close glimpse the tourists. Wild elephants, deer,tigers are the animals found in this sanctuary

Rankini Temple - This place is situated in Jadugora of Potka block. The temple of Rankini, it is said was formerly situated on a rock where human sacrifices used to be offered to her, the belief being that the Goddess herself killed the victims. The priests during those days mainly hailed from Bhumij Caste. Tourists visiting Ghatshila definitely visit this temple which is located in dense forest. This temple is also know as Kapadgadhi Ghat.

TELCO Bhuwaneswari Temple - This is another extravaganza of Tata groups situated 15 km from the district headquarters is famous for its 500 ft. tall temple of Ma Bhuwaneswari.

Lawajoda temple - This location speaks about the prehistoric temple values and the invasions of mankind to this region during 9th and 10th century, its sculptures are the renowned aspects to get visited, this spot is 9 km from Patamda.

Harina Shiva Temple - With great mythological significance this temple of serene is situated 29 km away from Potka.

Kanhaiswar Mountain - This is another location of nature blessed on earth, so picturesque with scenic view makes us dwell with peace in nature, this spot is located near Chakulia. The important visiting spots are the Shiva temple , the Maa Giri Rajeshwari temple are the serene shrine at this district situated at an height of 2800 ft. as we thrive up the hills the exquisite view of  forest are simply gorgeous to fall in love with nature. You have a SAIL guest house to dwell a while with prior permission and reservations.

Ghatshila - This spot is located 37 km form the district headquarters famously known as the birth place of the fame writer Mr. Bibhuti Bhushan Bandopadhyaya. Moreover, you have a various other touring spots such as Pancha hill, Dahijora, Dharagiri Falls, Phuldungri Mountain, Galudih Resort Center and Musabani and Numerous timber industries flourish in this region expresses the area as dense forest.

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Burudih Dam - This dam is built amidst the hills around and it is situated 9 km from Ghatshila.

Budha-Bidhi Hill - This is a small dense forest and an ideal location for adventure tourist and peace lovers it gives solitary, bliss, nature, beauty and feels you get from here as a token of natural credibility.

Panch Pandav - Located 5 km from the Ghatshila  , here you have a stone which figures out or appears as a the pancha pandavas the five men will be an enhancing spirit to know about the past.

Galudih - This is situated 44 km from the district headquarters; it is a place of scenic values.

Ligirda Swamp - It is near by just 4km from Tholkobad and has spread over to 8 acres; this land seems to be wet because of the constant flow of Ligirida lor.

Rivers’ meet - This location is known as Dhomohani later it was the convergence of the Karkai and Subranarekha rivers. This spot is the site of Tata Steel plant with fabulous out looks in construction and in nature’s tall eucalyptus trees and a great view of Sunset are the attractions of this locale.

How to get there

The district is well connected with roadways and railways that link to various parts of the country. The nearest airport is at Ranchi.

Road - The city is on the National Highway No.33 and connected to main cities of Bihar, Bengal and Orissa. All this makes accessibility to Jamshedpur very easy.

Rail - Jamshedpur is close to Calcutta and Ranchi. The railway station is called Tatanagar and is on the main Calcutta-Mumbai rail route. Tatanagar also comes in between the train links of Delhi and Puri. It is also on the rail line connecting Ranchi to Calcutta. 

All this makes Jamshedpur very well connected to all areas by trains. The important trains are Howrah - Mumbai Mail and Gitanjali Express, Shatabdi and Steel Express to Howrah / Rourkela, Howrah - Pune Express, Howrah - Ahmedabad Express, Howrah - Ranchi Express, Delhi - Puri Purushottam / Kalinga / Nilanchal Express, Tatanagar - Pathankot and Tatanagar - Patna Express. 

By Air - The Sonari airport of Jamshedpur does not offer regular commercial flights as of now. Some years back there were regular flights between Jamshedpur and Calcutta and Ranchi. The nearest airports are there at Ranchi and Calcutta.

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