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West Singhbhum

West Singhbhum is one of the oldest district of Jharkhand. After the British conquest of Kolahan in 1837, a new district was consequently constituted to be known as Singhbhum with Chaibasa as it’s Headquarter. Subsequently three Districts namely East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum and Saraikela- Kharsawan have been carved out of erstwhile Singhbhum District with Chaibasa as the headquarter of West Singhbhum.

    West Singhbhum District forms the Southern part of the newly created Jharkhand State and is the largest district in the State. The district spread over 210 58' & 230 36' North latitude and 8500' & 86054' East Longitude. The district is situated at a height of 244 Meter above the sea level and has an area of 5351.41 Sq. Kilometers. The district is bounded on the North by the district of Khunti , on the East by Saraikela-Kharsawan district, on the South by Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj and Sundargarh districts of Orissa and on the West by the district of Simdega and Sundargarh (in Orissa). The district is full of hills alternating with valleys, steep mountains and deep forests on the mountain slopes. The majority of the population of West Singhbhum district is tribal population.

West Singhbhum district came into existence when the old Singhbhum District bifurcated in 1990. With 9 Community Development Blocks Eastern part became the East Singhbhum with Jamshedpur as its district Hqr. and with remaining 23 C.D.Blocks West Singhbhum with Chaibasa as its district Hqr. In 2001 West Singhbhum again divided in two parts. With 8 Blocks Saraikela-Kharsawan district came into existence. At present West Singhbhum remain with 15 blocks and two administrative Sub-divisions. The district is full of hills alternating with valleys, steep mountains, and deep forests on the mountain slopes. The district contains one of the best Sal forests and the SARANDA ( seven hundred hills) forest area is known world over. Scenically it is beautiful with water holes and also contains wild life like Elephants, Bison, rarely found tigers & panthers, bear, wild dogs, wild pigs. Sambhar, deer and spotted deer are also found but their numbers are decreasing in the forests adjoining habitation. There are two accounts relating to the origin of the name of the district. According to one the name Singhbhum, or the lands of "SINGHS" has been derived from the patronymic of the Singh Rajas of Porahat. The second account suggests that the name is a corrupt form of the SinghBonga the Principal deity of tribal population of the district.

CLIMATE
    The year may be divided into three seasons; the winter from NOV-FEB, the summer from MAR-MAY, and the rainy season from JUN-OCT. The cold season is delightful while it is unpleasantly hot in the summer season with hot westerly winds prevailing. On account of the barrier of hills in the southeast, the atmosphere is generally dry. The Rainfall is the highest in July and August. The annual avg. rainfall in the district is about 1422 mm. Monsoon generally breaks in the second week of June. December-January are the coldest months while April-May are the hottest.


West Singhbhum at a Glance -

Latitude

210 58' AND 230 36' north

Longitude

850 0' & 860 54' East Longitude

Area (in sq. km)

5351.41 Sq. Kilometers

Height from sea level

244 Meter

Temperature (in degree centigrade)

 

Rainfall (in mm)

1422 mm

Climate

December-January are the coldest months while April-May are the hottest.

Literacy rate

59.54%

Main Tribes

 

Main minerals

 

Main crop

 

Languages spoken

 

Important Rivers

Koel, Karo-Koina, Kharkai, Sanjai, Raro, Deo, Baitarini

Nearest Railway Station

 

Nearest Airport

 

National Highway passing through District

 

Population density

209

Number of blocks

16

Number of villages

2

Population (Total)

1,501,619

Population (male)

749,314

Population (female)

752,305

Sex ratio

1004

Administrative division

Kolhan division

Headquarters

Chaibasa

Year of  Formation

26th January 1982

Forest Area

45580.30 Acres

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SCHEDULED TRIBES
    The majority of the population in West Singhbhum district is tribal population. The Scheduled Tribes residing in the district are - Asur, Baiga, Banjara, Bathudi, Bedia, Binhia, Birhor, Gond, Gorait, Ho, Kumali, Kharia, Kharwar, Khond, Kisen, Chero, Chik Baraik, Lohara, Mahli Munda, Oraon, Parhaiya, Kora, Korwa, Santhal, Sawar, Bhumij etc.

Tourists places of  West Singhbhum

Bidri :- The village lies in Manjhari Block. It has a small lake on it's outskirts with a hill lock to the east. The forest Dak Bungalow situated west of the lake commands a fine scenic view. The Thakora waterfall is about 6 Kms. away. This is another location of picturesque excellence and experience located near Manjhari Block with small lakes and hills around, the Thakora waterfall is about 6km away from this region.

Chainpur :- The village lies in Chakradharpur block and is noted for it's Shiva Temple. Large fairs are held annually on the occasion of Shiva Chaturdasi & Chaitra Sankranti (Month-April).

Hirni :- The village is situated 40 Kms. North of Chakradharpur on the Ranchi-Chaibasa road. It contains a beautiful waterfall in the midst of dense forest. It is popular picnic spot.

Jagannathpur :- The village is the headquarter of the development block bearing the same name and is situated 45 Kms. South-West of Chaibasa. The Village derives its name from its founder, Raja Jagannath Singh of Porahat.It has an old temple of Lord Shiva. This spot excels famous with its old Shiva temple in it, this spot is named after Raja Jagannath Singh of Porahat who was the founder of this village.this is situated 45 km from the district headquarters.

Jojohatu :- The village is situated 22 Kms. West of Chaibasa amid forests. It is noted for it's Chromites deposits and iron ore mine by the Singhbhum Chromites Company and the TISCO.

Kera :- The village is situated about 10 Kms. North-East of the block headquarter at Chakradharpur. It is noted for the annual three-day fair held there on the occasion of Chaitra-Sankranti.The village has a Bhagwati temple, which attracts a large number of devotees.

Kotgarh :- The village lies in Jagannathpur block. According to local belief, it was the seat of very powerful Indian rulers whose sway spread over the areas of Jagannathpur, Manjhari, Manjhgaon & Chakradharpur only a century ago. Narpat Singh who had built fortresses at Kotgarh, Jagannathpur & Jaintgarh is said to have been the last king of the Dynasty.

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Lupungutu :- It is a small village situated only 2 Kms. West of Chaibasa town. It has a perennial natural spring, which is a popular picnic spot.

Mahadebsal :- The place is situated about 5 Kms. from Goilkera. It contains an important temple of Lord Mahadev.A large fair is held annually on the occasion of Shiva Ratri.

Ponga :- The village is situated about 14 Kms. from the block head-quarter at Chakradharpur. It is noted for the remains of the place known as "Mangarh" traditionally ascribed to Raja Man Singh who was Sorag (Sic) by caste. The village has a temple of Pauri Devi.

Porahat :- The village used to be the headquarter of the erstwhile Porahat Raj, which extended over a large part of the district.

Ramtirtha :- The village lies in Jagannathpur block and is noted for it's annual fair held on Makar Sankranti day (January). It has a Shiva Temple and a waterfall on the Baitarni river. According to Local tradition, Lord Ramchandra crossed this river on Makar Sankranti day, when the fair is held.

Tholkobad :- The village lies 46 Kms. south of the block headquarter at Manoharpur.It is scenically situated amid forests at an elevation of 1800 ft. and draws may visitors,particularly for game.The oldest Sal tree the "SARANDA QUEEN" exists here.The perimeter of the tree is 25 ft.

Benisagar :- This is situated in the border of West Singhbhum & Orissa.The place was named after the king Beni. This is famous for archaeological findings. The famous Khiching temple relate to the

Saranda Forest :- This spot of nature and beauty is spread over to a space of 820 sq.km is a dwelling place of flora and fauna, the charm of nature is a cosmetic that beautifies planet earth comes true here, Loyall’s view (10 km from Tholkobad)offers a panoramic view of the hillocks of Saranda Forest, in fact Tholkodab is a worth visiting spot. The other spot of attraction is the Mahadev Sal Temple, said to be the ancient shrine situated into the deep woods of Saranda near Goelkera.

Toybo Falls :- Located 20 km from Tholkobad, this falls flows down from a height of 100ft. it is said that elephants come here regularly.

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Murgeswar Mahadev :- Located 75 km from the district headquarters, this spot is well known for temples and scenic attractions.

Hakumatkam :- Located 26 km from the district headquarters you have the Shiva temple on the hills of Talaburu is the attraction here.

Kesrikund :- Located 25 km from the district headquarters is famous for the annual festival season which is celebrated here as Kartik-Purnima.

Chiriya :- This is another wonderful spot in the deep woods of Saranda.

Serengda :- Located 100km from the district headquarters near the Koel River and there is a pious Ashram of Jagadguru Shankaracharya.

Sameej Ashram :- This spot is situated 10 km from Manoharpur filled in scenic and picturesque locations around the north Koel and Karo Rivers are the tourist attractions.

Bamiyaburu :- This spot is filled in with fauna in the deep woods and this locates its height as 2135ft and proclaims to be the important peak of the district. This spot is located 38 km from Manoharpur.

Kulbonga Mahadev :- Located 15 km from Manoharpur, here you have a big shivling near Kulbonga village is a famous tourist visit.

How to get there
Roadways and Railways are well connected to the other spots of the country, the nearest airport is Ranchi.

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