Temples of Jharkhand
Temples of Jharkhand are the preservers of the rich culture and tradition of the bygone ages of the state. The temples in Jharkhand depict the rich culture and past glory of the religious heritage of India. There are still several temples in the newly formed state of India which was previously a part of Bihar, which have immense historical importance and they not yet known to many.
The ancient temples of this state in India mirror the rich and glorious era of India. A tour of India will be incomplete without a visit to the historical sites of Jharkhand where several sites of old temples are still new to the outer world. A tour of Jharkhand will enable one to venture into the fame and glory of the land by visiting some of the very ancient and beautifully constructed temples which tell the tales of the glorious past.
As a matter of fact, the pilgrimage spots in Jharkhand attract a hefty bunch of pilgrims from virtually every nook of the country each year. The entire credit behind aiding the state of Jharkhand in becoming a pilgrim's hub goes to the peaceful surroundings and the amazingly pristine ambiance that prevails there.
Major pilgrimage spots in Jharkhand:
Home to a complex of 22 temples of which the biggest and the tallest at 72-ft is the Temple of Baidyanath that houses one of the 12 revered jyotirlingas in the country, Deoghar is the most sacred place in Jharkhand. It holds great sanctity among Hindus because it is believed to be the only kamana lingam - a lingam that has the power to fulfil all dreams. Every year, in the month of Shravan (July-August), devotees undertake an arduous 100 km trek from Ajgaibinath (Sultanganj) to Baidyanath Dham. The pilgrimage ends at Basukhinath, a hilly, scenic town about 43km from Deoghar. At the Deoghar complex, also visit the temples associated with tantric practices and Shakti worship like Ma Sandhya, Mansa, Ma Bagla and Ma Kamakhya. Before leaving don't forget to make an offering of meetha dahi to Lord Baidyanath. Naulakha Temple is situated 1.5 km from the Baidyanath Temple. The yoga centre (Ashram) at Rikhia is worth a visit and is situated about 8 Km from Deoghar.
Baidyanath temple is the most important of all the temples in Jharkhand and attracts a large number of pilgrims all the year round.
According to Hindu mythology, Ravana went to Mount Kailash and prayed to Lord Shiva, who gave him a Jyotirlinga to take to his land, with the promise not to place the lingam any where else. In case that happened, the lingam would remain fixed on that spot forever. The gods, who were unhappy at the prospect of the divine lingam being established in the enemy kingdom, which would render them powerless against their adversary, worked a trick on Ravana. He mistakenly handed over the lingam to a brahmin, who grounded it at Deoghar. Ravana did his best to uproot it but beyond breaking the tip he was unsuccessful. In deep remorse, he used to come to this place everyday and worship the lingam by offering water from the Ganges. Historically the temple is dated to 1596.
Baidyanath Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The three important fairs held here are Shri Panchmi mela held in January, Shivaratri mela held in March and the Bhadra Purnima mela held in September. The Shivaratri mela is attended by several visitors in the course of a fortnight.
Baidyanathdham can be reached by train or road. Jaisidih station, on the Howrah-Patna rail line of Eastern Railway is just 7 kms away. Regular bus services from Ranchi and Patna are available. From Bhagalpur this pilgrimage site is about 80 kms.
It is situated 1.5 k.m. away from Baba Baidyanath Temple. It is a nice visiting spot. This temple looks like the temple of Ramakrishna in Belur. Inside it there are idols of Radha - Krishna. Its height is 146 feet.
The amount spent in construction of the temple was about Rupees Nine lakhs (9 lakhs). Hence it became known as Naulakha Temple. This amount was donated entirely by Rani Charushila who belonged to Pathuria Ghat King's family, Kolkata.
At the early age she lost her husband Akshay Ghosh and son Jatindra Ghosh. Grieved by the deaths, she left her home and met the saint Balananda Brahmachari who asked her to construct this temple.
Satsang Ashram (deoghar)
Satsang ashram in Deoghar is one of the holiest of the holy places for the followers of Sri Sri Thakur Anukul Chandra who spent his last 25 years of active life here. Satsong ashram was the center from where Sri Sri Thakur's man-making programme was directed. Thus a cluster of socio-industrial and cultural institutions have developed at deoghar. A visit to the ashram would inexorably take one out of the cobweb of mental blocks and would give one a feel of freedom, peace and progress. It shows the way of communal harmony and peaceful co-existence to the egocentric and trife torn world of today.
Sri Sri Thakur encouraged people to earn independent living with innovative zeal and with concern for the environment. That is how a number of small and integrated industrial activities are seen within the premises of satsong ashram. There are literary activities, which is seen in the form of a number of books and periodicals in all languages. Jouranls like 'Alochana' and 'Saptarchee' (in Bengali), 'Ligate' and 'The See-ence' (in English), 'Urjana' (in Oriya), 'Aryayan' (in Hindi) and a few more periodicals get regularly published from this place and carry the message of 'living with peace and progress' to the humanity.
Ashram attracts a large number of devotees everyday. Twice a year, mass congregations take place; once on the occasion of Bengalee New Year in the month of April and second in the aftermath of Dusserah in October. Ashram operates it's spiritual and social mission through a large number of messengers, known as ritwiks, who are nominated workers by the order of Sri Sri Thakur Anukul Chandra. You can visit www.srisrithakuranukulchandra.com for more details about this place.
Ranchi - Sun Temple –
Sun Temple is a newly built monument in Jharkhand. Built around the sacred pond of the Chhathavratis in the Chhota Nagpur Plateau region, the temple has been designed with elegance and decorated with intricate designs. The Sun Temple in Jharkhand is given the shape of a big chariot with eighteen wheels and seven lifelike horses that seem to be ready to take off for the journey.
The Sun Temple of Jharkhand is constructed by a charitable trust named Sanskrit Vihar under the leadership of Shri Ram Maroo, the managing director of Ranchi Express. tourists who visits the temple is mesmerized not only by its beauty but also by the exquisite surrounding which add glow to its lavish design.
Sun Temple at Jharkhand is situated near Bundu stand on Tata-Ranchi highway. The temple is ideally situated away from the hustle and bustle of the crowded and noisy city amidst the beauty of nature. Sun Temple in Jharkhand is easily approachable through the metaled road from Ranchi by hiring a car or catching a bus.
Even the route to reach the Sun Temple in Jharkhand through Ranchi is very beautiful. The route offers some of the finest picturesque locales of Chhota Nagpur Plateau region.
So tourist can go out on an excursion to the Sun Temple wherein they can enjoy amidst the scenic pleasure and also explore the nature's bounty.
If tourist wish to spend a few days amidst the peaceful surrounding of the Jharkhand Sun Temple, then they can rest at the near by Dharamshala that belongs to the temple trust and offers rooms and food at a very subsidized rate. Moreover, there is a small motel near the temple where they can pamper their taste buds.
Jagannath Temple –
Jagganath temple is situated at Jagannathpur in the district of Ranchi. It is dedicated to Lord Jagganath. The Jagannathpur Temple and hill is considered to be one of the most revered and cherished pilgrimage spots in the state of Jharkhand.
The Jagannathpur Temple was constructed by the king of Barkagarh Jagannathpur, Thakur Ani Nath Shahdeo. The Jagannathpur Temple at Ranchi was completed on 25th December, 1691.
The Jagannathpur Temple of Jharkhand is located at a distance of 10 kilometers from Ranchi,
is very easily accessible from any remote part of the country. This temple of Ranchi is placed over the top most point on a small hillock.
The temple resembles the Jagannath Temple of Puri, in the state of Orissa quite a lot with similar architectural style. However Jagannathpur Temple in Jharkhand is the smaller version of the mammoth and grandiloquent shrine dedicated to Lord Jagannatha situated in Puri, Orissa. But the divine essence and placid ambiance are some of the qualities that are common to both the abodes of Lord Jagannath.
At the Jagannathpur Temple, an annual fair is also held every year during the festival of Ratha Yatra. Another interesting site is the War Cemetery, the smallest 'concentration' cemetery in India with a total of 708 burials. Located on the Ranchi-Hazaribagh road, it includes a soldier of the army of undivided India
Parasnath hill which is 4431 ft height is the highest mountain south of the Himalayas in Jharkhand, lies on the eastern margin of the Hazaribagh plateau. A site of religious significance, 20 out of 24 Jain tirthankaras or saints (including Parsvanatha) are believed to have attained salvation in the Sammeta Shikhar here. Several beautiful Swetambara and Digambara Jain temples can be found on the hills here. It was made accessible since the construction of a road in 1838. Significantly the oldest of the jain temple appears to date only from AD. 1775. Parasnath is the “Marang Buru“ or hill deity of the Santhal of Hazaribagh, Manbhum, Bankura and Santhal Parganas and each year they assemble at the period of the full noon in Baisakh from these district and celebrate a religious hunt for three days after which a great tribal session is held. In the assembly they decided the great matter relating to their custom and charge of offence for out casting the individual. Since Parasnath has been declared as a wild life sanctuary District administration and Forest official are trying to persuade the local tribe to give up their religious hunt.
Baba Basukinath Temple – Dumka
Basukinath is located in Dumka District of Jharkhand. It lies on the Deoghar – Dumka state highway and is around 25 km north-west of Dumka. It is a place of pilgrimage for Hindus. Basukinath Temple is the main attraction here.Jasidih Junction Railway Station and Jamtara Railway Station are the nearest railheads. Ranchi Airport is the nearest airport. It is situated at Jarmundi Block on Dumka Deoghar State Highway at a distance of 24 km from the Distrcit headquarters Dumka. In a year lacs and lacs people from different parts of country come here to worship Lord Shiva. In the month of Shravan people of several country also come here to worship Lord Shiva.
Devi Shaktipith - Rajrappa
Rajrappa is one of the very popular Hindu pilgrimage centers in Jharkhand. The place is also known as Shakti Pith. Hindu pilgrims from all across the world visit it every year. The place also attracts foreign tourists because of its calm and cool surrounding.
About 80 km. from Ranchi on Ramgarh Chitarpur Road, Rajrappa in Jharkhand is located at a very holy place where the two rivers namely Damodar and Bhairve meet known as Bhera. The place is accessible through railways, roadways and airways. The nearest airport is the Ranchi airport and the nearest rail head is at Ranchi railway station. From Ranchi you can take a bus or hire a taxi to reach Rajrappa.
Attractions at Rajrappa
Rajrappa of Jharkhand being a pilgrimage center is popular for the beautiful temples whose architectural glory can be heard even across the seven seas. Temples such as the Chinnamastika temple is very popular for its Tantrik style of architectural design. The temple is very old but has that essence of enchantment.
Rajrappa, which was once desolate hillocks with a small temple of Chhinamastika, now turned into a famous pilgrim resort for the Hindu devotees mainly from Bihar and West Bengal. The Chhinamastika Temple is a very sacred and popular place of Hindu pilgrimage.
The main attraction of this Chinnamastika temple in Rajraapa at Jharkhand is the headless deity of Goddess Chinnamastika which stands on the body of Kamdeo and Rati in the Lotus bed. The temple attracts pilgrims mainly from the nearby states of Bihar, Orissa and the state itself.
A number of other temples have come up around the original temple. Particularly, the temples of Mahavidyas (Tara, Shodashi, Bhubneswari, Bhairavi, Bagla, Kamla, Matangi, Dhumavati) built in a series, attract more devotees. Rajrappa has turned into a popular picnic spot. Pilgrims come here throughout the year.
The temples at Rajrappa of Jharkhand are very famous for celebrating marriage, birth or mundan ceremonies. Even people have a belief that if you have bought any new vehicle you must get it worshipped here. This would bring prosperity to the owner and would double the vehicles with him.
Another significant feature of Rajrappa in Jharkhand is the river beside the temples where you can take a bath or go out for boating in the cool and clear water. You can also take an excursion or trek into the nearby forests to explore the serene nature of the region.
On the day of Makar Sakranti (14th January) a religious fair is held which is visited by lacs. On the Dussehra day also the number of visitors coming increases considerably.
Bhadrakali temple –
It is 35 kms. on the East of Chatra and 16 kms. west of Chauparan connected with G.T. Road. It is only half a km. away from Bhdrakali complex of Itkhori block headquarters; situated on the bank of river Mahanad(Mahane) surrounded by hill and forest. There is a water reservoir which has a natural beauty of its own. People flock to watch its eternal beauty on ' Bishua' (Kartik Purnima- a festival after Chhath) and enjoy bath & sun bask.
On Basant panchami and Ram navmi days, a large number of pilgrims flock to the hill top for worship. This hill is located 10 km from Hunterganj block. Its height is about 1575 ft approx. To climb this hill stairs have been made. On this hill various collections of holy places of Jains, Hindus can be found. This place is also named as Kolhua, Kaleshwari. It is believed by praying here all wishes will be fulfilled.
Sacrifice of goat in front of the temple is common.The temples and images are now a place of pilgrimage for the Hindus. Dr.M.A.Stein, however, who visited the hill in 1900, was satisfied that they were built by the Jains, who venerated it as the birth - place of the tenth Trithankar, Sitala Swami, and fragmented it about 150 years ago. He felt that it was now entirely unknown to the ordinary jains and is associated by the local Hindus with Pandwa brothers. One of the specimen is a rock cut group of ten Digambari Jain Trithankars. The main door of Kaleshwari Temple is closed between Bhado to Krishna Paksha Ashwini.
The trek to the top of Kolhua hill on the temple of Kauleshwari Devi is quite steep and there are no steps. There is a big tank near the temple with good water. It is, however, preferable to carry water while going up. There is no rest bungalow at the hill top , but the surroundings are excellent for picnic .At this place one can see langoors , beer , deer , neelgai , leopords and other wildlife including a variety of beautiful birds.
is a temple consisting of the deity of Lord Shiva, Ram and Sita, Hanuman and Ganesh. It is situated near Khunti at a distance of about 40 kms from Ranchi.The Shankracharya Swami Swarupanand Saraswati, having been captivated by serene, placid and celestial beauty of Angrabadi rechristened it as Amreshwar Dham.
Trikuta Parvata is situated 10 km away from Deoghar on the way to Dumka, it is famous for its Hill Temples. There are three main peaks on the hill which is why it is called Trikutachal. It is believed that many sages have attained salvation on the top of these hills, known as Trikut. Consisting of huge boulders, the hill is famous for its temples. A small temple dedicated to Goddess Parvati is situated on the right side of the hill. Adjacent to the idol of the goddess is a shivling. There is also a temple of Shiva at this place known as Trikutachal Mahadeva Temple. It is the mouth of river Mayurakshi. Here we also find an altar of the goddess of Trishuli..A large number of people assemble here during Shivratri.
The Trikuta Pahar Trikuteshwar Mahadeva Temple The Shiva Linga
Sage Bam Bam Baba used to come here for penance. In the month of Shravan, the devotees come here to collect wood apple leaves. There are numerous trees of wood apple. Hence this place is also called the Garden of Shiva. On the hill there is a cottage of sage Dayananda
The height of this hill is 2,470 feet (750 m). It is an attractive place with a cool stream flowing. Now this have Jharkhand's first ropeway. It is a popular picnic spot as well. Both pilgrims and tourists visit this place.
Mahadev Sal –
The famous temple of Mahadev Sal (Lord Shiva) is located in Goelkera deep inside the forest. The Mumbai-Howrah railway line passes through this place. A very beautiful temple of Indo-Aryan architectural style has been built here, which later famed as Mahadev Sal. In the month of Shravan every year a large number of tourists visit this place from every nook of the country to worship Lord Shiva. In the month of Shravan every Passenger and Express train stops at this place.
Anjan Gram -
Anjan Gram is one of the most well known places meant for pilgrimage in the state of Jharkhand in the eastern part of the subcontinent of India. There is a mythical story behind the development of Anjan Gram as one of the most famous pilgrim spots in the entire state.
The Anjan Gram at Jharkhand is believed to be the place where Lord Hanuman took his first breath. Lord Hanuman is one of the most popular gods in the religion of Hinduism. According to Hindu mythology, his tremendous physical prowess has established him as one of the most commonly worshipped gods in the country of India.
Surrounded by the Netarhat hills and the river Khatwa, the Anjan Gram of Jharkhand is located at a distance of about 130 kms from Ranchi, which happens to be the capital city of the state of Jharkhand.
To commemorate the mythical importance of the place of Anjan Gram, an idol that depicts Goddess Anjani has been put up inside the cave known as the Anjani Cave. This idol of Goddess Anjani dates back to the ancient times. Still today, the idol of Ma Anjani reminds the pilgrims of the association of the Anjan Gram in Jharkhand with Lord Hanuman.
According to the legends associated with the Hindu religion, the mother of Lord Hanuman was Goddess Anjani or Ma Anjani. The pilgrim destination of Anjan Gram in Jharkhand has been named after Goddess Anjani.
The Anjan Gram has a lot of religious significance and at the same time, offers a great deal of scenic beauty.