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Untitled Document

Wild Life

The Jharkhand wildlife sanctuaries is one of the important tourist attractions in the state. Jharkhand is very rich in biodiversity and is the part of the Chhotanagpur Plateau Province of the Deccan Peninsula Biogeographic Zone. The recorded forest area is 2.36 million hectares which constitutes 29.61 % of the geographical area of the state. By legal status, Reserve Forests constitute 18.59%, Protected Forests 81.27% and Unclassed Forests a mere 0.14%.There are three forest types viz., Tropical Moist Deciduous, Tropical Dry Deciduous, and Subtropical Broad­leaved Hill Forests, Sal (Shorea robusta) being the major forest tree species. The Chhotanagpur Plateau is very rich in forest resources. The state is very rich in wildlife resources too.

One National Park and ten Wildlife Sanctuaries are there, devoted to in situ conservation of wildlife. They cover 0.21 million hectares, i.e., 2.63% of the state's total geographical area and 9% of the recorded forest area. In addition, there is one Biological Park, at Chakla (Ormanjhi), one Deer Park at Kalamati and one Crocodile Breeding Centre at Muta, all in Ranchi District, devoted to ex situ conservation of wildlife as well as for serving as centres for sensitizing people for conservation of wildlife resources of the state and the country at large. The state is implementing two national research-cum-conservation projects viz., the Project Tiger since 1973-74 for in situ conservation of the Indian Tiger and the Project Elephant since 1991-92 for conservation of viable populations of wild Asiatic Elephants and their habitats. Under these conservation projects, special management units of the Palamau Tiger Reserve and the Singhbhum Elephant Reserve have been created.

  1. Bhagwan Birsa Biological Park
  2. Bhagwan Birsa Mrig Vihar
  3. Crocodile Breeding Centre
  4. Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
  5. Hazaribagh National Park
  6. Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Mahuadand Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Palamu Wildlife Sanctuary
  10. Palkot Wildlife Sanctuary
  11. Parasnath Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary
  13. Singhbhum Elephant Reserve
  14. Palamu Tiger Reserve
  15. Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary
  16. Animals of Jharkhand


Bhagwan Birsa Biological Park
Ormanjhi, Ranchi, Jharkhand
It is also called Jaivik Udyan. The Jaivik Udyan is one of the most popular wildlife sanctuaries in Jharkhand in eastern India.

Spread over an area of 104 hac. of natural forest, this Biological Park is situated at Chakla (Ormanjhi) by the side of picturesque Getalsud Dam, 20 Km. away from Ranchi on Ranchi-Ramgarh section of National Highway No. 33.

Established with the objective of ex situ conservation of endangered species of Jharkhand as well as sensitising visiting people for the need to conserve wildlife.

The wildlife sanctuary of Jaivik Udyan in Jharkhand is especially popular not only in the state but all over the country of India, because of its quite unique collection of a variety of species of mammals.

The Park houses in captivity the wild animals of various species, such as Tiger, Lion, Leopard, Leopard Cat, Jungle Cat, Hyaena, Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Jackal, Fox, Indian One-horned Rhinoceros, Langur, Monkey, Porcupine, Nilgai, Cheetal, Sambhar, Barking Deer, Black Buck etc. and birds like Grey Pelican, Peafowl, Black Ibis, Kite etc. and reptiles like Gharial and Marsh Crocodile in naturalistic enclosures, all within the overall natural sylvan ambience which itself holds free-ranging wild animals like Jungle Cat, Jackal, Fox, Hare, a variety of ground as well as flying birds and snakes.

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There is also a Rose Garden and a Fern House. Public utilities including canteen, rest-sheds,' drinking water points and toilets have been provided adequately here. The Park is very popular amongst the denizens of Ranchi and around.

If you want to visit this treasure house of flora and fauna in Jharkhand, then you have to first come to Ranchi. It is convenient for the tourists to reach the city of Ranchi by rail, by air or by road. You can avail the flights that fly between Mumbai and Ranchi. These flights halt at Delhi. One can board the easily available trains from Kolkata, Delhi, Patna and Chennai to reach Ranchi by rail. Quite a few buses are available in the state of Jharkhand, which regularly link Ranchi with other major places of the state as well in the neighboring states.

The Jaivik Udyan in Jharkhand is often termed a zoological garden, because of the wide range of animal life that it showcases and it is worth a visit.



Bhagwan Birsa Mrig Vihar
This Deer Park at Kalamati, 23 Km. away from Ranchi on Ranchi-Khunti Road, serves the objective of providing optimum facilities for breeding of two types of deer viz. Sambhar (Cervus unicolor) and Chital (Axis axis). The total area of the Park is 23 ha. and the main tree species here is Sal associated with Ficus spp., Ber, Bel, Neem etc. A Children Park developed near the main entrance is the great source of attraction for children. Three watch-towers have been provided inside the Park for viewing wildlife. A canteen and other public utilities have also been created for visitors.

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Crocodile Breeding Centre
The Crocodile Breeding Centre, situated at 35 Kms from Ranchi on Ormanjhi-Sikidiri Road at Muta, was commissioned in the year 1987 under the IUCN programme of conservation of endangered species. Marsh crocodile was first spotted in late 1960s in Bhera River which flows nearby. Here the Crocodile breeding was started with 5 crocodiles, two from Bhera River and three from Madras Crocodile Bank. A small Forest Rest House and Rest-shed cater to the needs of visitors.


Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
Jamshedpur, Jharkhand
Lying in the catchment area of Subarnarekha River and adjoining Purulia District of West Bengal, this wildlife sanctuary with an area of 193.22 Sq. Km. on the National Highway No. 33 near Jamshedpur has undulating terrain with high hillocks (Max. 984 M MSL), plateau, deep valley and open fields between hillocks, providing diverse habitat for flora and fauna. The forests here are mostly Dry Mixed Deciduous with few Dry Peninsular Sal, the main tree species being Terminalias, Jamun, Dhaura, Kendu, Karam etc. The sanctuary is very much favoured by the Elephants due to availability of water even during summer. Leopard, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Sloth Bear, Monkey, Giant Squirrel are abundant here.


Hazaribagh National Park
Location : Jharkhand
Prime Attractions : Wild Bear, Nilgai, Cheetal.
Time to Visit : October To April.

Hazaribagh National Park, about 135 km from Ranchi is also a sanctuary adorned with scenic beauties. The park has also the same features as that of Betla to some extent. The park has tigers, panthers, sambhars, spotted deer, bisons and a number of mammalian faunas. There are some towers which the tourists use to behold the beasts. A canteen is also there to cater. The park is approachable by all weather metalled road.

The Wild Population
An abundance of wild animals is a very pleasant sight. Wild bear, Nilgai, Chital and Kakar can be seen at dusk and dawn, gambolling and enjoying themselves in the waters of the lake. The tiger and panther, exclusive attractions at this sanctuary demand extreme patience from the viewer. Hazaribagh perhaps holds more Sambhars than any other area of comparable size. The 1970 census has established the presence of 14 tigers, 25 Panthers and 400 Sambars. Watching The Wild: Numerous observation towers in the sanctuary make it all the easier to have a closer encounter with the wild. The flak-top strip of National Highway 33 passes through the sanctuary by its main gate at Pokharia, 21 kms from Barhi and 16 kms from Hazaribagh. 111 kms roads in the sanctuary take motorists to the remotest corners and to masonry towers, strategically located, offer excellent opportunities for viewing the wilds during the best months of October to April. The sanctuary is surrounded by habitations of tribals.  Visiting Hours The climate in this region is tropical with hot summers and cold winters. Temperature during the summer months touch a high of 41.1'C and a low of 19.4'C. Winter months are better and the temperature ranges between a maximum and minimum of 19.4'C and 7'C. The monsoon months are July to mid-September.


Attractions
Sighting of wild boar, sambar, nilgai, cheetal, and kakar is assured especially near the waterholes at dusk. Tigers being less in number-14 according to the 1991 census-are difficult to sight. The sanctuary stretches over 184 square km of undulating country and steep hills with dense tropical forests and grass meadows. A 111-km road in the sanctuary takes motorists to the remotest corners and to masonry towers. Strategically located, the road offers excellent opportunities for viewing the wilds. The sanctuary is surrounded by tribal habitation. There are many watchtowers that provide perfect hideouts to see the wildlife in its true natural habitat.

Places Around
The Palamau Forest Reserve is another major wildlife sanctuary in the region. Places of the tourist interest in the vicinity include Canari Hill-5 km, Rajrappa-Falls 89 km, and Suraj Kund hot spring-72 km.

Travel Tips
A trip to the park starts at 1700 hours from the Divisional Forest Office, West Division, Hazaribagh and it ends at 2200 hours. Charges are Rs.50 per head. Reservation can be made with the Divisional Forest Officer, West Division, Hazaribagh. Entry fees for vehicles inside the park are Bus (full)- Rs.75; Mini Bus- Rs.50; Station Wagon/Car/Jeep/Private Car- Rs.20; Motor Cycle- Rs.10 and Taxi- Rs.25. No charges are levied for guides provided with the tour operators and there is no extra fee for carrying a camera to the park. Firearms are not allowed inside the park.
Accommodation:
The accommodation facility is available within the park. There is small tourist lodge with four single rooms at the park along with small canteen next to it. short distance away from this lodge is Forest Rest house, which has complete suite. Further away, towards the edge of clearing are four cottages.

How To Get There
Air : The nearest airport Ranchi (91 km) is connected with Calcutta, Patna, Lucknow and Delhi by regular Indian Airlines flights.
Rail : The nearest railway station is Koderma, which is 59 km away, or alternately one can approach the park from the Hazaribagh Road railway station (67 km) on the Howrah-Delhi Grand Chord line.
Road : Hazaribagh town is connected by road to Ranchi 91 km, Dhanbad 128 km, Gaya 130 km, Patna 235 km, Daltongunj 198 km, and Calcutta (via Asansol-Govindapur-Barhi) 434 km. The Hazaribagh National Park is 19 km from the Hazaribagh town. Regular bus services connect the town with Koderma, Hazaribagh Road railway station, Patna, Gaya, Ranchi, Dhanbad, Daltongunj and other nearby places. Unmetered Taxis, Auto Rickshaws, Cycle Rickshaws and Taxis are available for the park from the Hazaribagh town. The approximate charge for a taxi is Rs. 160 for a two-way journey.

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Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary
This wildlife sanctuary with an area of 207 Sq. Km. lies between 80°25' and 80°57' E longitudes and 23°57' and 24°20' N latitudes in the south-west corner of Chatra District and is surrounded by the Amanat river in the south, Chako nala in the west and Lilajan river in the north-west. The forests here are miscellaneous, of Dry Mixed Deciduous type with Bamboo and patches of pure Asan crops. Other tree species being Khair, Siris, Bauhinia, Bel, Palas, Dhow etc. Besides a variety of birds, the sanctuary is the home for a complete range of mammals including Tiger, Leopard, Sambhar, Cheetal, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Nilgai etc.


Mahuadand Wildlife Sanctuary
Mahuadand Wolf Sanctuary
This wildlife sanctuary was created over an area of 63.25 Sq. Km. in order to conserve the endangered Wolf species in this identified habitat of theirs. The area with deep gullies comprises Dry Peninsular Sal and Dry Deciduous Forests , drained by Burha River and its tributaries flowing from the hills of Chhatisgarh, and experiences severe heat up to 49°C during summer as well as night frost during winter. Here the average annual rainfall is over 1800 mm. The tree species are Sal, Terminalias, Dhaura, Kendu etc. Ravines covered by thick bushes in Sarnadih and Urumbi forest patches are favoured by the Wolves for making their dens. They prey on village pigs and goats during the evening in addition to small wild mammals such as Hares, Mongoose, Rats, Squirrels small deer and ground birds.


Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary
Spread over an area of 150.62 Sq. Km. lying between 85°05'15" and 85°05'30" E longitudes and 24°12' and 24°37' N latitudes and bordering the forests of Gaya District of Bihar, this wildlife sanctuary comprises hilly range of dry deciduous forests, traversed by plenty of rivulets. Besides shrubs and grasses, the important tree species here are Sal, Asan, Panjan, Kendu, Salai, Mahua, Piar, Sidha, Amla, Jamun, Bauhinia, Khair, Palas, Ber etc. The wild fauna includes Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Sambhar, Cheetal, Barking Deer, Nilgai, Wild Boar, Giant Squirrel, Jackal, Fox, Hyaena, Langur, Porcupine etc. besides a variety of bird and reptile species.


Palamu Wildlife Sanctuary
Palamu WildlifeSanctuary & Betla National Park
Lying between 83°50' and 84 °36' E longitudes and 23°25' and 23°55' N latitudes, the Palamau Wildlife Sanctuary was initially created over a forest area of 979.97 Sq. Km. and since then an area of 226.32 Sq. Km. of this sanctuary has been notified as Betla National Park. Both the areas have been included in the Palamau Tiger Reserve created under Project Tiger. The annual temperature here varies from 4° to 50°C and the mean annual rainfall is 1075 mm. The area is drained by the North Koel and its tributary, the Burha river.

Forests here are of Dry as well as Moist Deciduous types with bamboo brakes. Besides diverse herbs, shrubs and grasses, the important tree species are Sal, Asan, Sidha, Semal, Karam, Chilbil, Kusum, Bherhul, Dhaura, Khair, Salai etc.

The sanctuary is rich in flora and fauna with 47 species of mammals, 174 species of birds, 970 species of flora including 25 species of climbers, 46 species of shrubs in addition to herbs, grasses etc.
Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Sambhar, Cheetal, Barking Deer, Sloth Bear, Nilgai, Wild Dog, Wolf, Hyaena etc and varieties of reptiles and beautiful birds can be sighted here without much effort.
Once ruled by the Chero Kings, the sanctuary also has many historical monuments and forts, deep inside Betla forests on the banks of the Auranga river. Other attractions nearby are Lodh and Sugabandh Water Falls and Tataha Hot-water Spring.

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Betla National Park
Place : Palamau, Daltonganj district, Jharkhand
Nearest town : Daltonganj (25km)
Best time to Visit : October to May, open through out the year
Main Attraction : Tiger, Chital, Gaur Palamau's
Nearest Town: Daltonganj
Nearest Airport:Ranchi
Nearest Railway Station:
Adventure:Jeep Safari

Betla National Park offers a fascinating study of wild life in natural surroundings studded with forests, hills and valleys. The Betla National Park, first established as a sanctuary and later upgraded to its present status, has carved a niche for itself within short span of it's life. The National Park occupies an area of 250 sq. km. on both the sides of all weather Mahuadans Road taking off from the main Ranchi-Daltonganj road on 11th km post as one comes from Daltonganj, the distance from Ranchi being 156 km. Ranchi is connected by road. Regular passenger buses fly between Ranchi and Daltonganj town from where Betla is only 25 km away. A number of buses is in operation between Daltonganj and Betla.

The national park has a large variety of wild life. Once Betla had 2 tigers, 50 elephants, 800 sambhars, hundreds of wild boar and pythons as big as 15 to 20 feet. Most innocent of the lot are the spotted deer seen moving in herds. The park authorities provide jeep fitted with a search light to the visitors for a fixed fair. As the light falls on the herds of deer, they watch innocently with eyes glowing like green electric bulbs. Scared rabbits and foxes scamper about and the wild boar rustle in the layers. The most coveted sight is a majestic gaur popularly known as bison. It leisurely walks across the road as if saying, who is afraid of you. The elephants uproot bamboo and fell them on roads for apparently obstructing free  plying of buses. The mammalian fauna to be seen at Betla include langur, rhesus, cheetal (spotted deer), blue bulls and wild boars. The lesser mammals are the porcupine hare junglee cat, honey badger, jackal, malabar giant squirrel and mangoose wolf, antelope etc. The park was declared in 1974 a tiger project reserve.

Where to stay
The accommodation facilities in the tourist complex, include a three star hotel, tourist lodges with canteen, log huts and tree houses inside the forest with fully furnished suites. The tree house overlooks a watering hole a few yards away where the animals gather in the summers to quench their thirst.
STD/ ISD, Postal and Internet facilities are available in the reserve area.

How to get there
Air : Ranchi, situated around 140 km away, is the nearest airport with regular air connections to Delhi, Calcutta, Patna and Lucknow.
Rail : The nearest important railway station is Daltonganj (25 km away), connected to many places in the region with regular trains. Ranchi and Gaya are also convenient railway stations for the tourists coming from Delhi and Calcutta respectively.
Road : Betla is well connected to Daltonganj (25 kms) via Khudia morh (6km), Ranchi (140 kms), Hazaribagh (190 kms), Netarhat (211 kms), Patna (384 kms), Calcutta (575 kms) etc by regular buses run by the state transport corporation and private companies.

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Palkot Wildlife Sanctuary
Full of forested small hills (Max. 872 M MSL) and undulating terrain, the Palkot Wildlife Sanctuary is situated between 84°25' and 84°45'E longitudes and 22' 00' and 22°40' N latitude. It is spread over an area of 183.18 Sq. Km., traversed by rivers like Sankh, Banki, Painjra, Palamara and Torpa, with adjoining Tapkara Irrigation Dam. The annual temperature varies here between 7' and 40°C whereas the mean annual rainfall is 1030 mm. The sanctuary comprises Dry Deciduous Forests (Dry Peninsular Sal) bearing rich flora consisting of Sal and its associates like Asan, Gamhar, Salai, Piar, Amla, Mahua, Kusum, Mango etc. The mammal fauna consists mainly of Leopard, Sloth Bear, Jackal, Monkey, Porcupine, Hare etc. Frequently seen birds here are Jungle Fowl, Patridges, Koel, Parakeet, Owl and Pheasants.


Parasnath Wildlife Sanctuary
Surrounding the lush green and gorgeous Parasnath Hill (1371 M MSL), the highest in Jharkhand, and named after the 23'" Jain Thirthankar, Parsvanath, who attained nirvan on the Hill, this wildlife sanctuary with an area of 49.33 Sq. Km. is very rich in wild fauna and comprises mixed deciduous forests with very high incidence of climbers. The localised dampness here favours growth of plenty of lichens, mosses and ferns. The wild fauna comprises Leopard, Sloth Bear, Sambhar, Nilgai, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Langur, Monkey, Mongoose, Jungle cat, Porcupine, Hyaena etc. in addition to varieties of birds and reptiles.


Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary
Lying between 86°06' and 86°15' E longitudes and 23°50' and 23°56' N latitudes, the Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary has an area of 8.75 Sq. Km.
The forests here are of Dry Mixed Deciduous type with Dry Peninsular Sal in Baneshpur and Bawardaha, the other tree species being Asan, Bijasal, Dhow, Semal, Kendu, Piar, Karam, Siris, Sidha etc.
The grassland and bamboo crops are also present. Leopard, Jungle Cat, Cheetal, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Mongoose, Langur, Jackal, Fox, Wild Dog etc. constitute the mammal fauna here.
The Topchanchi Lake adds to the richness of the habitat and is visited by migratory winter birds too.
This sanctuary is noted for the flow of migratory birds including pochards, red crested pochards and coots. Resident birds include bronze winged jacanas, pond herons, egrets, swamp partridges, etc.
The Nagi Dam Sanctuary near Jhajha is the smallest sanctuary in the state and also a place to spot migratory birds. 15km from Patna, Danapur is also a significant shelter for migratory birds, especially janghils (open billed storks).


Singhbhum Elephant Reserve
The Singhbhum Elephant Reserve, the first Elephant Reserve of the Country, was created in 2001 under the Project Elephant, comprising an area of 13,440 Sq. Km. in East and West Singhbhum and Saraikela-Kharsawan Districts (old Singhbhum District) for scientific and planned management aimed at conservation of Elephant habitats and viable population of wild Asiatic Elephants in Jharkhand, ecological restoration of their existing natural habitats and migratory routes, mitigating Human-Elephant conflicts in problem areas, moderating pressure of human and their live-stock on crucial Elephant habitats, protection from poachers, etc. Besides 8910.10 Sq. Km. of non-forest area, the Reserve includes 4529.90 Sq. Km. of forest area, subsuming the entire Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, and has been divided into the management units of Core Area (2577.38 Sq. Km.) and Buffer Area (1952.52 Sq. Km.).

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Palamu Tiger Reserve
Location  : 25 Kms. from Daltonganj
Area : 1026 sq. Kms.
Specialty : Tigers, Leopards
Best Time : All the year

The Wild At its Wildest
Spread over an area of around 1026 sq. km., Palamau Tiger Reserve is located within the civil administrative district of Palamau in the South Chhotanagpur plateau of Bihar. The undulating terrain is set off by sal forests and thickets of bamboo. The circuitous Koel River and its tributaries meander through the park. Palamau has the distinction of being the forest where the world's first tiger census was conducted by way of pugmarks, in 1934. Large herds of Gaur & Chital are commonly seen. Elephants are present mostly after the monsoon upto the time when the water holes begin to dry up in March. Tiger, Panther, Sloth Bear, Wild Bear, Sambar, Nilgai, Deer are also permanent residents. Palamau National Park is now a part of one of nine tiger reserves in India, under "Project Tiger". Man-animal conflicts, caused largely by elephants are a major problem and pose Project Tiger with one of its greatest challenges.

The Wild Population
Situated in the lndo-Malayan realm, Palamau is rich in flora and fauna. The tiger and panther comprise a significant part of the jungle population. Amongst the predators besides the tiger are leopards, wolves, wild dogs and jungle cats. Sloth bear, four horned antelope and mouse dear are some of the herbivores. Sambar, chinkara, dhole, wild bear are also found in good numbers. The main inhabitants of the Palamau are the tiger, the Indian wolf, leopard, elephant, gaur, sambar, muntjac and nilgai. The sight of large herds of gaur and chital around the reserve along with the groups of pachyderms, is very common especially near the waterholes. sss

The Flora
The entire area has a good distribution of bamboo breaks. The herbarium recently prepared by the Tiger Reserve authority records a good number of medicinal plants. The western part of the Reserve is composed of dry deciduous forests and the other part shows characters of moist mixed deciduous nature.

Watching the Wild
 There are good motorable roads inside the park that offer the motorists a close view of the wild in the dense forests. Providing excellent opportunities for observing the animals, without causing any disturbance, There are two towers and a tree top tower. There are ground level hides as well for photographers to capture the animals.

Other Attrection
Adding to the beauty of the reserve are the cascading waterfalls and hot springs. The place is dotted with historical monuments and a fort nestled deep in the forest. A one-time seat of the famed 'Chero Rajas', Palamau's past history is still visible in the form of its mighty forts, standing on the banks of the Koel and Auranga rivers of Chota Nagpur.

Accommodation:
There are several options for accommodation at the Palamau National Park. There is three star hotel, tourist lodges, log huts and tree houses. The tree house is made entirely of wood and has well furnished bedroom suites.

Travel info
Air : Nearest airport Ranchi is 161 kms away from Betla.
Rail : The nearest railhead is at Daltonganj 25 kms from Betla. And the second nearest railway station is Ranchi 161 kms from Betla.
Road : Good motorable road connects Betla to Daltonganj 25 kms, Ranchi 171 kms, Patna 384 kms, Hazaribagh 190 kms, Netarhat 211 kms, Kolkata (Calcutta) 575 kms. Regular direct bus services are available from Ranchi and Hazaribagh to Daltonganj via Khudia Morh from where Betla is kms.

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Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary

Situated not very far away from the Ganges, it comprises twin lakes of Pataura (155 ha) and Berhale (410 ha), total area being 565 ha, with surrounding semi permanent wetlands. Both lakes remain connected during monsoon and winter whereas the former surrounded by small hillocks and crop land is linked through Udhuwa Nala to the Ganges the back­water of which sustains the lake. Birds seen at water surface here are Gull, Jacana, Teal, Cormorant, Dabchick, Darter etc. and those on muddy banks are Wader, Lapwing, Plover, Wagtail, Egret, Heron, Ibis, Stork and Pratincole. Birds of open ground and grassland here include Blue Rock Pigeon, Lark, Bee-eater, Sparrow, Myna, Pipit, Bulbul etc. Mynas are represented here by six species, Pied Myna, Indian Myna, Bank Myna, Jungle Myna, Brahminy and Grey-headed Myna. Among birds of prey are Tern, Brahminy Kite, Fishing Eagle, Hawk and Vulture. House and Palm Swift, Swallow, Kingfisher, Drongo, Indian Roller and Parakeet are also common here. Migratory birds visiting the lake during winter include Black-headed & Brown-headed Gull, Grey-headed Lapwing, Little-ringed Plover, Red & Green Shanks, Spotted Green Shanks, Common Sandpiper, Temmink's Stint, Yellow & White Wagtail, Blue-throat, Western Swallow etc.

Animals of Jharkhand

S.No.

ENGLISH NAME

LATIN NAME

MAMMALS

1

Antelope, Four-horned           

Tetraceros quadricornis

2

Badger, Honey or Ratel          

Mellivora capensis

3

Bat, Fulvous Fruit              

Rousettus leschenaulti

4

Bat, Indian Flying Fox          

Pteropus giganteus

5

Bat, Short-nosed Fruit          

Cynopterus sphinx

6

Bear, Sloth                      

Melursus ursinus

7

Bison, Indian or Gaur           

Bos gaurus

8

Boar, Indian Wild               

Sus scrofa

9

Cat, Jungle                     

Felis chaus

10

Civet, Common Palm              

Paradoxurus hermaphroditus

11

Civet, Small India               

Viverricula indica

12

Deer, Barking or Muntjac        

Muntiacus muntjak

13

Deer, Mouse or Indian Chevrotain

Tragulus meminna

14

Deer, Spotted or Chital

Axis axis

15

Dog, Indian Wild

Cuon alpinus

16

Elephant                        

Elephas maximus

17

Fox, Indian

Vulpes bengalensis

18

Gerbille , India

Tatera indica

19

Hare, Indian                    

Lepus nigricollis

20

Hyena, Striped

Hyaena hyaena

21

Jackal

Canis aureus

22

Langur, Common

Presbytis entellus

23

Leopard or Panther

Panthera pardus

24

Macaque, Rhesus

Macaca mulatta

25

Mangoose, Common

Herpestes edwardsi

26

Mangoose, Small Indian          

 

27

Mouse, Indian Field

Mus booduga

28

Mouse, Long-tailed Tree

Vendeleuria oleracea

29

Nilgai or Blue Bull

Boselaphus tragocamelus

30

Pangolin, Indian

Manis crassicaudata

31

Porcupine, Indian

Hystrix indica

32

Rat, Bandicoot

Bandicota indica

33

Rat, Indian Bush

Golunda ellioti

34

Sambhar

Cervus unicolor

35

Shrew, Grey Musk

Suncus murinus

36

Squirrel, Indian Giant

Ratufa indica

37

Squirrel, Three-striped Palm    

Funambulus palmarum

38

Tiger

Panthera tigris

39

Wolf

Canis lupus

REPTILES

Snakes

1

Boa, Red Sand

Eryx johnii

2

Cobra, Indian

Naja naja naja

3

Cobra, King

Ophiophagus hannah

4

Karait, Banded

Bungarus fasciatus

5

Karait, Common                 

Bungarus caeruleus

6

Python, Indian

Python molurus

7

Snake, Rat

Ptyas mucosus

8

Viper, Russel                  

Lizards

1

Chamelion                        

Chamelion calcarata

2

Gecko, Indian House

Hemidactylus flaviviridus

3

Lizard, Rock

Agama buberculatus

4

Lizard, Monitor

Varanus monitor

INSECTS

1

Poduridae

Achorutes armatus

2

Dictyoptera

Blatta arientalis

3

Dictyoptera

Mantis religiosa

4

Pentatomidao

Nozara virudula

5

Pyrrhocoridae

Dysderous cinzulatus

6

Formicidae

Componotus compressus

7

Formicidae

Solepopsis spp.

8

Anidae

Monorium spp.

9

Anidae

Apis dorsats

10

Anidae

Apis indica

11

Anidae

Apis spp.

12

Andrenidae

Andrena spp.

13

Bombidae

Bombus spp.

14

Vespidae

Polistis spp.

15

Ichneumonidae

Tchneumop spp.

16

Carabidae

Arthia Spp.

17

Buprestidyae

Chrysochroa spp.

18

Coccinellidae

Coccipella septempunctata

19

Coccinellidae

Chilomenes s. maculata

20

Meloidae

Mylabris pustulata

21

Melolonthidae

Holotricha serrata

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